call us today: 1.800.876.8376
email us: info@synergy.com

* Frequently Asked Questions (21)

Why do I get the following error trying to install KG – “Your security preferences allow installation of only apps from the Mac App Store and identified developers”?

  • By default Apple has changed the security settings to only allow installation of apps from the Mac App Store and identified developers.
  • To temporarily get around the error message, control-click the application and choose Open. Click the Open button in the warning dialog that appears.
  • To change this permanently go to System Preferences > Security & Privacy. On the General Tab click the little lock in the lower left corner to unlock the general preference pane. Then select the Anywhere radio button beneath Allow applications downloaded from.


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107

I get an warning that KaleidaGraph is not optimized for my Mac. Will there be a 64-bit version of the software?

Yes. We are currently rewriting the software for a new development platform which will allow us to provide a 64-bit version of KaleidaGraph for both Mac and Windows. The process is ongoing, and we do not have a release date for a 64-bit version at this time.


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50

Does KaleidaGraph run under Mavericks (OS 10.9), Yosemite (10.10), El Capitan (10.11), Sierra (10.12), High Sierra (10.13), or Mojave (10.14)?

Version 4.5.4 runs on all of the above operating systems.

You can run v4.1.3 or v4.5.0 up through OS 10.9.1. The software update for OS 10.9.2 caused a problem in both versions that could cause the program to crash when trying to save a file in a different format. This problem is also present in Yosemite and some later versions of the OS.
Version 4.5.0 – 4.5.3 users: Download the v4.5.4 updater from the Support > Software updates portion of the web site.
Version 4.1.3 users: You can upgrade to v4.5.4, or you can use the following workarounds:
– Copy the plot to the Clipboard and paste it into Photoshop or Office and export it from there in the desired format.
– Use the #PICT/OPT formula script command to export the plot in the desired format. The Help file and PDF manual have more information on formula scripting and the syntax for this command.

There are not any plans for a patch to v4.1.3. Version 4.5 has been out since Sept. 2013 and in the past we have not provided patches for older versions of the software.


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21

The license file is locked error message.

This error message could be displayed if KaleidaGraph was installed using Administrator privileges but the person trying to personalize the program does not have Administrator privileges. You need to log in as the Administrator to install and personalize the program to avoid this error.

If you are logged in as the admin and still get the error, right-click on KaleidaGraph and run the application as administrator.


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11

What version of KaleidaGraph do I need to run on OS 10.7 or later?

  • You need to use v4.1.3 or v4.5 under OS 10.7 – 10.9.1.
  • If you are running OS 10.9.2 or later (including Yosemite, El Capitan, Sierra, High Sierra, and Mojave), you should use v4.5.4.
  • Version 4.1 is the first version that includes a universal version of the application.  The installer detects the processor and installs the correct version for your computer.
  • There is a free v.4.1.3 patch available on our downloads page for users who have v4.x. If you are moving to a new computer, you can copy your KaleidaGraph 4 folder to the new computer and then run the v4.1.3 update.
  • If you have 3.6 or earlier, you need to order an update.  If you order a physical update, you will get a CD that performs a complete installation.  The electronic update would need to see an earlier version on the computer.


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10

Does KaleidaGraph support FFTs (Fast Fourier Transforms)?

KaleidaGraph does not have this ability built into the program; however, one of our users wrote a set of FFT macros that can be downloaded from our web site in either a Macintosh or Windows format.

 


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9

How do I change the text in the legend?

To change the text in the legend, use the Text tool. You can double-click any text item you want to edit.


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7

How do I save new defaults for text labels?

To save new defaults for text labels:

  1. Choose Plot > Text Options.
  2. Click the labels for which you want to set new defaults.
  3. Select your new defaults from the pop-up menus.
  4. Click OK to return to the plot window. Any labels that had their attributes changed are updated.
  5. To make these settings permanent, make sure you save changes to the Style when quitting KaleidaGraph.


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3

How do I remove the frame around the legend?

Use the last icon in the toolbox. The icon is divided into two sections. The part on the right is represented by up and down arrows. If you click to the left, a pop-up menu appears which contains different line styles. Choose None from the bottom of this menu.


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3

Changes for v4.5

  • Added the Fill, Floating Bar, and Floating Column plot types.
  • Increased the number of variables that can be plotted on a single plot. Most plots allow you to plot up to 99 variables.
  • Redesigned the Variable Selection dialog.
  • Added 24 new plot symbols.
  • Added support for the latest Excel file formats (.xlsx).
  • Modified how plots are exported  to avoid using QuickTime and achieve higher resolution images (maximum of 1400 dpi on Mac and 800 dpi on Windows).
  • Added a CMYK option when exporting TIFF images.
  • Added support for drop lines in many of the plot types.
  • Added support for natural log and log (base 2) axes.
  • Plot symbols can now have an outline color that is different from the fill color. This also allows the frames in Box and Percentile plots to be different from the fill color, and for the frames in Bar and Column plots to be different as well (unless Black Column Frame is selected in Plot Options).
  • Axes, major and minor grid lines, and major and minor ticks can now have their colors set independently
  • Added an option to display the median line on a Dot plot.
  • The width of the boxes in Box and Percentile plots can be controlled by the Column Offset field in the Bar portion of Plot Options.
  • Box plots can now have a fill pattern when markers are displayed on the plots.
  • Percentile plots can now have fill patterns.
  • Added a Slice Data command to the Functions menu that can be used to reorganize Y data associated with up to three grouping variables for further analysis.
  • Added an Export All Curve Fits command to the Curve Fits menu that compiles all of the curve fit results in a new data window.
  • Expanded the number of statistics that are calculated when performing a Linear curve fit. The new statistics include: adjusted R^2, standard error, F value, and P value for the overall fit, as well as standard error, t value, P value, and upper and lower 95% confidence limits for the slope and intercept. These statistics can be viewed by choosing View Results or Copy Parameters to Clipboard from the View pop-up menu in the Curve Fit Selections dialog or by choosing Curve Fit > Export All Curve Fits.
  • Added a Copy Confidence Values to Data Window command to the Curve Fit Selections dialog for Linear curve fits. Choosing this command appends the specified confidence limit values of the Linear curve fit to the data window for further plotting.
  • Added a Copy Predicted Values to Data Window command to the Curve Fit Selections dialog for exporting the values from a curve fit at the original X values.
  • Modified the Edit Text dialog so that it can be resized. This text editor is used in several locations within KaleidaGraph, including the Posted Note and the Library.
  • The Line Thickness setting in Plot Options now controls the thickness of the legend
    symbol for variables that are represented by a fill pattern.
  • Expanded the commands available in the #SCRIPT formula script command. It is now possible to script all of the options available in Axis Options and Variable Settings. It is also possible to apply curve fits via a script.
  • Added some commands to the #PICT/OPT and #METAFILE/OPT formula script commands. It is now possible to specify the resolution and control the size of the exported image via a script.

 


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3

Can KaleidaGraph run on the Intel Macs?

  • Versions 3.6 and 4.0 work fine on the Intel Macs, but not under OS 10.7 or later.
  • Version 4.1 is the first version that is native for the Intel Macs, but you need to use v4.1.3 or v4.5 under OS 10.7 – 10.9.1.
  • If you are running OS 10.9.2 or later (including Yosemite, El Capitan, Sierra, High Sierra, and Mojave), you should use v4.5.4.
  • If you have KaleidaGraph 4 on another computer, you can copy your KaleidaGraph 4.0 folder onto the new computer and run the v4.1.3 updater that is available from our web site.


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3

How do I prevent the Windows network version from asking for the serial number and authorization code for each user?

  • Log in as the administrator on the server and install KaleidaGraph. Launch the program from the server and enter the serial number and authorization code.
  • Move the KGraph.rsr and KGLicense files into the same folder as the KaleidaGraph application (replacing any existing copies). Under Windows 7 and later, these are hidden files in the Users/(admin user)/AppData/Local/VirtualStore/Program Files/KaleidaGraph 4.x directory


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2

Where are my serial number and authorization code?

The serial number for your program should be located on the back cover of the CD case. If you purchased KG electronically, it will be on your order confirmation, listed in the Digital Rights. If this is an update, your serial number has not changed.

The authorization code should either be inside the CD case or in the order confirmation (in the Digital Rights section).

The serial number is just a number; the authorization code contains letters and numbers separated by dashes.

 


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2

Why am I unable to ungroup a plot that is copied and pasted under OS 10.6 (or later) or imported into Office?

  • As of OS 10.6, the PICT format has been deprecated by Apple. When an application copies a PICT file to the Clipboard, it is converted to a TIFF file by the OS. You will not be able to paste an image into another program and ungroup the image.
  • One workaround is to save the PICT file to disk and import this into the application. This will not work in Office 2008 or later. Office converts these images upon import as well.
  • You can also use the Print command to create a PDF image of the plot. This can be imported into programs like EazyDraw and Illustrator and be ungrouped.


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1

Can I use v4.1 of KaleidaGraph without QuickTime installed?

Version 4.1 of KaleidaGraph requires QuickTime to export bitmap images (TIF, JPG, PNG, etc.). There have been some vulnerability issues reported in the Windows version of QuickTime and it will no longer be updated by Apple.

You can uninstall QuickTime and continue using v4.1, however you will not be able to export plots in some of the formats.

The best solution would be to buy an upgrade to v4.5, which no longer requires QuickTime to export bitmap images. If you already have v4.5 and also have QuickTime installed, you can uninstall QuickTime without losing any functionality in KaleidaGraph v4.5.


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1

I get an error that PowerPC applications are no longer supported.

The installers for v4.0 and earlier cannot be used under OS 10.7 or later. If you have KaleidaGraph 4 on another computer, you can copy your KaleidaGraph 4.0 folder onto the new computer and run the v4.1.3 updater that is available from our web site.

Users of v3.6 or earlier will need to purchase an upgrade. If you get the physical upgrade, you will get a CD that will perform a complete installation.


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0

Why am I getting an error that the disk image file could not be opened because it is not recognized?

  • There could have been an issue during the download. Try downloading the file again, making sure not to try opening it before the download is complete.
  • It could be a permissions issue on the computer. Make sure you are logged in as the administrator. If you still have problems, use the Disk Utility application to repair the permissions on the hard drive. Then try downloading the file again.


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0

I am running into problems trying to install an update/upgrade.

  • Make sure you exit out of KaleidaGraph before running the updater.
  • If the updater is taking a long time to run, disconnect any external or network drives and try running it again.
  • Mac updater/upgrades – Make sure the Applications folder is specified as the destination. You will get an error if you try to install at the root level of the hard drive.
  • Version 4.5 upgrade for Mac – If you are upgrading from v4.1.x, you need to click No when the updater asks if you are updating v4.0 and Yes when asked if you want to upgrade v4.1 or re-install v.4.5.
  • Version 4.1.3 updater for Mac – If you are updating v4.1.x, you need to click No when the updater asks if you are updating v4.0 and Yes when asked if you want to re-install v.4.1.3.
  • Launch your current copy of KaleidaGraph and verify that you don’t already have the version you are trying to update to. The version number appears on the splash screen as well as in the About KaleidaGraph dialog.
  • Reinstall you current copy of KaleidaGraph, personalize it, and try running the updater again.
  • The KaleidaGraph for Windows updater expects to find a file called KGraph.exe. If you rename the KaleidaGraph executable, the updater will fail.


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0

I do not get the OK button after entering my Authorization Code. Why?

  • Make sure you use upper case letters.
  • If your code contains a 0, it is a zero, not the letter O. None of the codes contain the letter O.
  • Double check the characters in the code. It easy to mistake K for X and A for 4, for example.
  • Type the code yourself – do not try copying the code from your order confirmation and pasting it in. You can copy the code, but you cannot include anything before or after the code itself.
  • You can enter the code with or without the dashes, but do not use spaces.


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0

How do I plot multiple X variables in v4.5?

With the new Variable Selection dialog in v4.5, the process for creating Double X and Double XY plots has changed. This would also be used to plot multiple X-Y pairs on the same plot.

  1. Choose your plot type.
  2. Select your first set of X and Y variables.
  3. Click Add to create a new plot group in the dialog.
  4. Select your next set of X and Y variables.
  5. You can either click Plot if you are done, or click Add and continue adding X-Y pairs until you are ready to plot.


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0

How do I display the column numbers in the data window?

  • For the data windows that are already open, click the button in that particular data window to have this area of the data window expand to make the column numbers visible.
  • Select the Show Column Numbers option in the Preferences dialog so that the column numbers are displayed for any new data windows that are opened or created.


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0

System Requirements (4)

I get an warning that KaleidaGraph is not optimized for my Mac. Will there be a 64-bit version of the software?

Yes. We are currently rewriting the software for a new development platform which will allow us to provide a 64-bit version of KaleidaGraph for both Mac and Windows. The process is ongoing, and we do not have a release date for a 64-bit version at this time.


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50

What version of KaleidaGraph do I need to run on OS 10.7 or later?

  • You need to use v4.1.3 or v4.5 under OS 10.7 – 10.9.1.
  • If you are running OS 10.9.2 or later (including Yosemite, El Capitan, Sierra, High Sierra, and Mojave), you should use v4.5.4.
  • Version 4.1 is the first version that includes a universal version of the application.  The installer detects the processor and installs the correct version for your computer.
  • There is a free v.4.1.3 patch available on our downloads page for users who have v4.x. If you are moving to a new computer, you can copy your KaleidaGraph 4 folder to the new computer and then run the v4.1.3 update.
  • If you have 3.6 or earlier, you need to order an update.  If you order a physical update, you will get a CD that performs a complete installation.  The electronic update would need to see an earlier version on the computer.


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10

What are the system requirements for KaleidaGraph for Macintosh?

OS 10.4 or later

If you are running OS 10.7 through 10.9.1, you must use v4.1.3 or v4.5 of KaleidaGraph.
If you are running OS 10.9.2 or later (including Yosemite, El Capitan,  Sierra, High Sierra, or Mojave), you should use v4.5.4 of KaleidaGraph.

60 MB of free hard disk space is recommended.


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7

What are the system requirements for KaleidaGraph for Windows?

Windows XP SP2 or later, which includes Windows 7, 8, 8.1, and 10. KaleidaGraph is not a 64-bit application, but it will run on 64-bit computers.

45 MB of free hard disk space is recommended.

 


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7

Electronic Orders (8)

Where are my serial number and authorization code?

The serial number and authorization codes are included on the order confirmations. The serial number is always a number (no letters). The authorization code is a series of letters and numbers separated by dashes.


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5

Can I make a tax exempt purchase?

If your order confirmation is from digitalriver.com, fax a copy of your tax exemption form to the Customer Service department at Digital River (952-253-8760).

If your order confirmation is from shareit.com, email a copy of your tax exemption form to ordersupport@mycommerce.com.

You can avoid tax completely by placing your order directly with Synergy Software.


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1

Who processes the online orders and how do I contact them?

Electronic orders prior to May 9, 2019 were handled by a company called Digital River.

  • Phone: 952-253-1234
  • Fax: 952-253-8760
  • Web: www.findmyorder.com
  • Email: webhelp@digitalriver.com

Electronic orders placed May 9, 2019 or later are handled by a subsidiary of Digital River.


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0

Where do I download my electronic order?

If your order confirmation is from digitalriver.com, you can login to http://www.findmyorder.com using your order number and the password you created.

If your order confirmation is from shareit.com, please visit the MyCommerce Customer Care Center and click My Account.

The download is available for 30 days after the order date. After 30 days, you can only download it again if you purchased the extended download service. If you did not get the extended download, you can order a replacement download or CD from Synergy Software.


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0

How do I get a copy of my invoice for my electronic order?

If your order confirmation is from digitalriver.com, login to http://www.findmyorder.com using your order number and the password you created and click the View Invoice button.

If your order confirmation is from shareit.com, the invoice should have been sent as an attachment. You can also visit the MyCommerce Customer Care Center and click My Account.


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0

Where is my backup CD that I ordered?

If you ordered the backup CD, these are sent directly from Digital River. You should contact them if you did not receive your CD.

If your order confirmation is from digitalriver.com, you can contact them via the www.findmyorder.com page.

If your order confirmation is from shareit.com, email ordersupport@mycommerce.com.


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0

Do I need to order a backup CD or the extended download?

If you do not order the backup CD or the extended download service, you are responsible for making your own backup copy of the file you download. There will be a charge if you wish to get a CD or download the software again at a later date.

 


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0

Where is my order confirmation email?

We receive copies of the order confirmations as soon as the order is complete. If you need your serial number or authorization code, you can contact Technical Support.

 


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0

Lost CD/Computer Crash (4)

If I purchased the extended download, how long do I have to download KaleidaGraph?

The extended download is only available for a two-year time period. You should still make a local back-up of the installer in case you need to install at a later time.


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2

Where do I go if I ordered the extended download and now need to download KaleidaGraph?

If your order confirmation is from digitalriver.com, you can login to http://www.findmyorder.com using your order number and the password you created.

If your order confirmation is from shareit.com, you can go to the MyCommerce Customer Care Center and click My Account.

The extended download is only good for 2 years. If it is past that time, you should contact Synergy Software.


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0

How do I get a replacement CD or a replacement download?

If you have v4.5.x, you can order a replacement CD for $20 or request a download link for $15. This must be handled directly with our sales department (800-876-8376).

If you have an older version, your best bet would be to purchase a physical upgrade to the current version. If you prefer to have your older version, a CD can be ordered for $30 from our sales department (800-876-8376). Older versions are not available via electronic download.

 


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0

I didn’t order the extended download when I purchased KaleidaGraph, but now I want to order it. What do I do?

If your order confirmation is from digitalriver.com, you can log back in and order it (http://www.findmyorder.com), provided your purchase was made within the past two years.

If your order confirmation is from shareit.com or the order was placed more than two years ago, you will need to order a replacement download or CD from our order department.


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0

Version Changes (3)

Changes for v4.5

  • Added the Fill, Floating Bar, and Floating Column plot types.
  • Increased the number of variables that can be plotted on a single plot. Most plots allow you to plot up to 99 variables.
  • Redesigned the Variable Selection dialog.
  • Added 24 new plot symbols.
  • Added support for the latest Excel file formats (.xlsx).
  • Modified how plots are exported  to avoid using QuickTime and achieve higher resolution images (maximum of 1400 dpi on Mac and 800 dpi on Windows).
  • Added a CMYK option when exporting TIFF images.
  • Added support for drop lines in many of the plot types.
  • Added support for natural log and log (base 2) axes.
  • Plot symbols can now have an outline color that is different from the fill color. This also allows the frames in Box and Percentile plots to be different from the fill color, and for the frames in Bar and Column plots to be different as well (unless Black Column Frame is selected in Plot Options).
  • Axes, major and minor grid lines, and major and minor ticks can now have their colors set independently
  • Added an option to display the median line on a Dot plot.
  • The width of the boxes in Box and Percentile plots can be controlled by the Column Offset field in the Bar portion of Plot Options.
  • Box plots can now have a fill pattern when markers are displayed on the plots.
  • Percentile plots can now have fill patterns.
  • Added a Slice Data command to the Functions menu that can be used to reorganize Y data associated with up to three grouping variables for further analysis.
  • Added an Export All Curve Fits command to the Curve Fits menu that compiles all of the curve fit results in a new data window.
  • Expanded the number of statistics that are calculated when performing a Linear curve fit. The new statistics include: adjusted R^2, standard error, F value, and P value for the overall fit, as well as standard error, t value, P value, and upper and lower 95% confidence limits for the slope and intercept. These statistics can be viewed by choosing View Results or Copy Parameters to Clipboard from the View pop-up menu in the Curve Fit Selections dialog or by choosing Curve Fit > Export All Curve Fits.
  • Added a Copy Confidence Values to Data Window command to the Curve Fit Selections dialog for Linear curve fits. Choosing this command appends the specified confidence limit values of the Linear curve fit to the data window for further plotting.
  • Added a Copy Predicted Values to Data Window command to the Curve Fit Selections dialog for exporting the values from a curve fit at the original X values.
  • Modified the Edit Text dialog so that it can be resized. This text editor is used in several locations within KaleidaGraph, including the Posted Note and the Library.
  • The Line Thickness setting in Plot Options now controls the thickness of the legend
    symbol for variables that are represented by a fill pattern.
  • Expanded the commands available in the #SCRIPT formula script command. It is now possible to script all of the options available in Axis Options and Variable Settings. It is also possible to apply curve fits via a script.
  • Added some commands to the #PICT/OPT and #METAFILE/OPT formula script commands. It is now possible to specify the resolution and control the size of the exported image via a script.

 


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3

Changes for v4.1

  • Added support for the Intel Macintosh.
  • Bitmap file export (BMP, GIF, JPEG, PNG, and TIFF) now uses QuickTime to generate the export files. As a result, a number of new features have been added such as byte ordering, compression, and variable JPEG export quality.
  • Modified the Mac Help file to use Apple’s Help Viewer and the Windows Help file to open as an HTML Help file.


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1

Changes for v4.0

  • Redesigned the data window to include the following:
  • Adjustable column width and row height.
  • Ability to select the font, font size, style, justification, font color, and background color for individual columns.
  • Ability to add horizontal and vertical splits to compare different sections of the same data window.
  • Column titles can be edited directly in the data window.
  • Added a toolbar to the top of each data window. Added an option to the Preferences dialog and a command to the Data menu to control whether the toolbar is displayed or hidden.
  • When saving the data file, the size of the data window is remembered.
  • The default characteristics of the data window can be set in the Column tab of the Preferences dialog.
  • Unless the Shift key is pressed, closing a data window automatically embeds the data file in the plot to prevent a plot from losing its data.
  • Added Dot, Summary Column, Double Y Bar, and Double Y Column plots.
  • Added the ability to change the position of the axes.
  • Added support for axis breaks.
  • Added the ability to choose how scientific and engineering notation plot labels are displayed.
  • Added six new formats for controlling the display of time series axis labels.
  • Added the ability to set the X axis limits in Probability and X-Y Probability plots.
  • Logarithmic scales are now available for Box and Percentile plots.
  • Added support for creating Histograms by specifying the bin size. This is the method that was used prior to v3.5. The Histogram portion of the Plot Options dialog determines which method is used.
  • Modified the Identify tool so that coordinates can be added from multiple plots. By pressing Ctrl+Shift (Windows) or Command+Shift (Mac) each time you use the Identify tool, the Clipboard is not cleared. As soon as you use the Shift key without pressing Ctrl or Command, the Clipboard is cleared.
  • Added the Student-Newman-Keuls, Scheffe, and Fisher’s LSD post hoc tests. 
  • Added a linear correlation function, corr(), to the Functions menu in Formula Entry. 
  • Modified the statistics commands in Formula Entry to make it easier to calculate statistics on a row-by-row basis across a range of columns. You can now use a formula like c3=mean(0:2) instead of c3=mean([0:0, 0:2]).
  • Added the ability to save a group layout file, which embeds the plot files in the same file as the layout file. 
  • Added a Save as type (Windows) or Format (Mac) pop-up menu to the Save dialog when saving from the data, plot, and layout windows. This caused most of the commands to be removed from the Import and Export submenus.
  • Data, plot, and layout windows can be saved in a v3.5 format for use in v3.5x and v3.6x. 
  • The Show Macros and Edit Macros commands were combined into a single command. 
  • Added an Invert Mask command to the Functions menu. This works like the Invert Mask macro, but can be used on multiple columns at once. 
  • The various curve fit definitions in the Curve Fits folder (Examples folder) now include the partial derivatives for each of the equations. 
  • Changed the calculation of R^2 for curve fits to allow R^2 to be negative.
  • Redesigned the Preferences, Axis Options, Variable Settings (formerly Plot Style), and Plot Options (formerly Plot Extras) dialogs. 
  • A Preview button was added to the Axis Options, Variable Settings, and Plot Options dialogs that lets you see how your changes affect the plot without leaving the dialog. 
  •  The Axis Options dialog now includes the settings that were in the Plot Color, X Label Format, Y Label Format, X2 Label Format, and Y2 Label Format dialogs. In addition, the settings for tick length, axis thickness, grid thickness, and tick thickness are now included in this dialog.
  • An option was added in the Curve Fit Settings tab that forces any curve fits applied to this variable to use the same color as the variable. 
  • The View dialog that could be displayed from within Plot Style is no longer available. Use the Plot Options command to set the default marker size. 
  • The Plot Options command now includes the options for a number of different plots. The settings that were available in Polar Options, Probability Options, Histogram Options, and Step Options are now included in this one dialog. 
  • The General category contains a Marker Thickness setting that lets you set the thickness of the markers independently of the variable and curve fit lines. 
  • The options associated with Bar and Column plots were separated into a new category within this dialog. 
  •  A category was created for Pie charts which includes a Draw Pie Frame option.
  • The Format menu was removed. The Text Options, Value Label Format, and Equation Label Format commands were moved to the Plot menu. The Curve Fit Options command is now located in the Curve Fit menu. 
  • The Column Format dialog has been replaced by a floating palette. 
  • The pop-up menu that controlled the decimal separator is now located in the Preferences dialog. 
  • The Update Plot command has been changed slightly. When you choose this command from the Plot menu or click the Update Plot button, the plot is updated based on the entire data set, regardless of any selections in the data window. To update the plot using a subset of the data, select the data, press Shift, Alt (Windows), or Option (Mac), and either choose Plot > Update Plot or click the Update Plot button. This particular selection will be remembered until you make a different selection and press Shift, Alt, or Option when updating the plot. To go back to using the entire data set, either select all of the data or click a single cell and press Shift, Alt, or Option when updating the plot. 
  • The settings files for the Windows version can now be stored in the \Documents and Settings\(current user)\Application Data\Synergy Software\KaleidaGraph 4.0 directory. 


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Basic Questions (10)

Does KaleidaGraph support FFTs (Fast Fourier Transforms)?

KaleidaGraph does not have this ability built into the program; however, one of our users wrote a set of FFT macros that can be downloaded from our web site in either a Macintosh or Windows format.

 


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9

Why aren’t the files listed under Recent Files remembered the next time I use the program?

You need to save changes to the Style file when you quit KaleidaGraph for this information to be saved.


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3

Where are my serial number and authorization code?

The serial number for your program should be located on the back cover of the CD case. If you purchased KG electronically, it will be on your order confirmation, listed in the Digital Rights. If this is an update, your serial number has not changed.

The authorization code should either be inside the CD case or in the order confirmation (in the Digital Rights section).

The serial number is just a number; the authorization code contains letters and numbers separated by dashes.

 


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2

What are the differences between the Mac and Windows version?

While most of the features are the same between the two platforms, there are a few differences:

  • The Windows version supports DDE and OLE for sharing data and plots with other applications. The Mac version does not have support for anything similar.
  • The Windows version supports the Metafile format for saving graphics.
  • The Windows version supports a smaller range of fill patterns. The Mac fill patterns are available in the Windows version through an option in the Preferences dialog, but they may not print correctly.
  • The maximum resolution of exported images is 800 dpi for the Windows version and 1400 dpi for the Mac version.
  • The Mac version supports AppleScript. The Windows version does not have anything that allows it to be scripted from an outside source.

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    1

    Can the latest version open files created in older versions of KaleidaGraph?

    As long as the files are intact, the current version can always open files created in older versions of KaleidaGraph.

    Files created in v3.6 can be opened in v3.5, and vice versa. Version 4.5 allows you to save plot and layout files in a v4.0 or v3.5 format. The data files can be saved in a v3.5 format (the file formats did not change from v4.0/v4.1 to v4.5).


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    0

    Can I retrieve the original data from a corrupted KaleidaGraph file?

    Unfortunately we do not have any way to recover the data from a corrupted KaleidaGraph file.

     


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    0

    Does KaleidaGraph support VBX or OCX?

    KG does not currently support VBX or OCX links to external applications. It is also not possible to access KG’s DLL files for use with another program.


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    0

    I need a copy of the KaleidaGraph license agreement

    SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT

    2013 revision This updated license supersedes any previous license issued by Synergy Software.

    This product is published by Synergy Software located at 2457 Perkiomen Ave., Reading, PA 19606-2049 USA — Phone:  (1) 610-779-0522 —  Fax:  (1) 610-370-0548 —  Internet: sales@synergy.com — Web Site: www.synergy.com

    IMPORTANT:  READ THIS BEFORE OPENING

    By installing, copying or otherwise using this Synergy Software product, you agree to be bound by all the terms and conditions of this license agreement.  If you do not accept or agree to these terms you may, within fifteen (15) days, return this entire package unused and unopened to the place where you acquired it.

    SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT

    Synergy Software grants you a non-exclusive license to use this copy of the program on the following terms:

    LICENSE

    You may:

    a.Install and use the program on any single computer dedicated to your sole use, and if desired, install a second copy of the program, also for your exclusive use, on a home or portable computer.

    b.Or:     Install and use the program from a network server, but only if network monitoring software is employed which allows no more than one user per licensed program at any time. The burden of proof for compliance lies with the licensee.  Shared or networked computer users may not install a second copy of the program on a home or portable computer.

    c.Make 1 copy of the program in machine readable form solely for archival purposes, provided that you reproduce all proprietary notices on each copy.

    You may not:

    a.Modify, translate, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble, create derivative works based on, or copy (except for the archival copy) the program or the accompanying documentation;

    b.Lend, rent, lease, transfer or grant any rights in the program or accompanying documentation in any form to any other person without the prior written consent of Synergy Software;

    c.Remove any proprietary notices, labels or marks on the program and accompanying documentation.

    Failure to comply with any of the above restrictions will terminate this license.  This license is not a sale.  Title and copyrights to the program and accompanying documentation and any copies remain with Synergy Software and are protected by US and international copyright laws and treaties.

    The use of LZW compression/decompression technology for the GIF (CompuServe Graphics Interchange Format) has been licensed and granted from Unisys for use with KaleidaGraph.    This is licensed under U.S. Patent No. 4558302 and foreign counterparts.   Purchasing KaleidaGraph does not authorize or permit an End User to use any other product or perform any other method or activity involving use of LZW unless the End User is separately licensed in writing by Unisys.

    LIMITED WARRANTY AND DISCLAIMER

    Synergy Software warrants that, for a period of ninety (90) days from the date of purchase, the CD-ROM on which the program is furnished will be free from defects in materials and workmanship and that the software is properly recorded.  Synergy Software’s entire liability and your exclusive warranty will be to replace the CD-ROM.

    Except for the above express limited warranty, Synergy Software and the company’s licensor(s) make no warranties or conditions expressed, implied, statutory or in any other communication with you, and Synergy Software and the company’s licensor(s) specifically disclaim any implied warranty or condition of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. The entire risk as to the quality and performance of the software is borne by you. Some states do not allow the exclusion of implied warranties, so the above exclusions may not apply to you.  This warranty gives you specific legal rights.  You may also have other rights which vary from state to state.

    LIMITATION OF LIABILITY

    In no event will Synergy Software and the company’s licensor(s) be liable for any damages, lost profit, lost data, loss of use, including but not limited to special, incidental, consequential or indirect damages, arising from the use of the program, however caused and on any theory of liability, even if Synergy Software and the company’s licensor(s) have been advised of the possibility of such damages.  You acknowledge that the license fee reflects this limitation of liability.  Some states do not allow the limitation or exclusion  of liability for incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation may not apply to you.

    GENERAL

    This Agreement is the entire agreement.  If any provision of this Agreement is held invalid, the remainder of this Agreement shall continue in full force and effect.


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    0

    How do I share files between the Macintosh and Windows platforms?

    KaleidaGraph has the ability to share files between the Macintosh and Windows platforms. Both platforms make use of the file name extension to identify the type of file. The table below lists the file name extensions:

    Kind of File File Name Extension
    Data file .QDA
    Plot file .QPC
    Macro file .EQN
    Layout file .QPL
    Script file .QSC
    Style file .QST

    If you have files that were created in the Macintosh version prior to OS X, the files will not have any file name extensions. They can be added manually or you can try to use one of the AppleScript converters available on our web site.

    If you run into problems, check which version of KaleidaGraph is installed. Version 4.5 can open files from any version of KaleidaGraph, but older versions can only open files created by v4.5 if they were exported in a v3.5 or v4.0 format using the Save As command.


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    0

    If multiple files are opened at once, in what order are they opened?

    When you open multiple files at once, they are opened in alphabetical order. If a plot is opened followed by a Style file, the plot’s settings will change to those stored in the Style file. If the Style is opened first, the plot’s settings will not be affected.


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    0

    Installation & Launch (14)

    Why do I get the following error trying to install KG – “Your security preferences allow installation of only apps from the Mac App Store and identified developers”?

    • By default Apple has changed the security settings to only allow installation of apps from the Mac App Store and identified developers.
    • To temporarily get around the error message, control-click the application and choose Open. Click the Open button in the warning dialog that appears.
    • To change this permanently go to System Preferences > Security & Privacy. On the General Tab click the little lock in the lower left corner to unlock the general preference pane. Then select the Anywhere radio button beneath Allow applications downloaded from.


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    107

    Can I install a single-user version on multiple computers?

    If you have a single-user license, you can install the software on one computer at work, as well as a home or laptop computer (provided you are the only one who uses the computer at work). If the software is installed on a lab computer, a second copy cannot be installed.


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    8

    Transferring the software to a new computer

    • Mac version
    • Use the installer to install KaleidaGraph on the new computer. It is also possible to copy the KaleidaGraph folder from the Applications folder on the old computer over to the new computer. To copy over the settings, copy over the KaleidaGraph Preferences folder from the (user):Library:Preferences folder.
    • After it is installed, it should be deleted from the old computer.
    • Windows version
    • Use the installer to install KaleidaGraph on the new computer. The KaleidaGraph folder could be copied over to the new computer, but this will not get the registry information updated, so icons will not look correct, and the program will not get added to the Start menu.
    • To copy over the settings, copy over the files in the Users/(user)/AppData/Roaming/Synergy Software directory and in the Users/(user)/AppData/Local/VirtualStore/Program Files/Synergy Software/ directory. To see these locations, you will need to turn on the Show hidden files, folders, and drives setting. To access this setting, in Windows Explorer, go to the Organize menu, click Folder and search options, and click the View tab.
    • After it is installed, it should be deleted from the old computer.


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    2

    After I downloaded the installer it seems to hang on a Mac. Why?

    • It could be a quarantine issue because the file was downloaded.
    • Copy the original .dmg file to the hard drive.
    • Eject any KaleidaGraph disk images listed under the Devices portion of the Finder window.
    • Open the .dmg file that was copied to the hard drive.
    • If you still have problems, copy the actual installer to the hard drive and run it from there.


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    1

    Can I install KaleidaGraph on a network server?

    For multi-user licenses, we provide a network version of KaleidaGraph that can be installed on a network file server.


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    1

    The Windows installer gives an error about the ASIFONT file.

    Windows is preventing us from writing the font file to the computer. Just click Ignore to get past the error. It should not impact the operation of the software in any way.


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    0

    Is it possible to do a silent install?

    You can use the Run command and enter the path to the KG installer, followed by -s. For example: C:\KG45Setup.exe -s. If you are using quotes for the path, the -s must be outside of the quotes.

    It is not possible to bundle the serial number and authorization code into the installer. This would still need to be entered once the program is installed.


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    0

    I get an error that PowerPC applications are no longer supported.

    The installers for v4.0 and earlier cannot be used under OS 10.7 or later. If you have KaleidaGraph 4 on another computer, you can copy your KaleidaGraph 4.0 folder onto the new computer and run the v4.1.3 updater that is available from our web site.

    Users of v3.6 or earlier will need to purchase an upgrade. If you get the physical upgrade, you will get a CD that will perform a complete installation.


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    0

    Why am I getting an error that the disk image file could not be opened because it is not recognized?

    • There could have been an issue during the download. Try downloading the file again, making sure not to try opening it before the download is complete.
    • It could be a permissions issue on the computer. Make sure you are logged in as the administrator. If you still have problems, use the Disk Utility application to repair the permissions on the hard drive. Then try downloading the file again.


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    0

    I am running into problems trying to install an update/upgrade.

    • Make sure you exit out of KaleidaGraph before running the updater.
    • If the updater is taking a long time to run, disconnect any external or network drives and try running it again.
    • Mac updater/upgrades – Make sure the Applications folder is specified as the destination. You will get an error if you try to install at the root level of the hard drive.
    • Version 4.5 upgrade for Mac – If you are upgrading from v4.1.x, you need to click No when the updater asks if you are updating v4.0 and Yes when asked if you want to upgrade v4.1 or re-install v.4.5.
    • Version 4.1.3 updater for Mac – If you are updating v4.1.x, you need to click No when the updater asks if you are updating v4.0 and Yes when asked if you want to re-install v.4.1.3.
    • Launch your current copy of KaleidaGraph and verify that you don’t already have the version you are trying to update to. The version number appears on the splash screen as well as in the About KaleidaGraph dialog.
    • Reinstall you current copy of KaleidaGraph, personalize it, and try running the updater again.
    • The KaleidaGraph for Windows updater expects to find a file called KGraph.exe. If you rename the KaleidaGraph executable, the updater will fail.


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    0

    Why do I get an access denied error (1008:5, -5000) when trying to install KaleidaGraph under OS X?

    • Try installing directly into the Applications directory. You cannot install it at the root level of the Macintosh HD or you will get this error.
    • You may not have administrator access or the permissions are not set properly on one of the directories. You can use the following steps to repair the permissions:
    1. Open the Disk Utility application (/Applications/Utilities).
    2. Click the First Aid tab.
    3. Select the Max OS X volume.
    4. Click Repair Disk Permissions. Quit Disk Utility when finished.


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    0

    How do I uninstall KaleidaGraph?

    Macintosh Version:

    Drag the KaleidaGraph folder to the Trash and empty the trash.

    Windows Version:

    1. Use the Add/Remove Programs control panel.
    2. Choose Start > Programs > KaleidaGraph 4.1 > Remove KaleidaGraph 4.1.


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    0

    What files are opened when I launch KaleidaGraph?

    Four settings files (KG Style, KG Macros, KG Script and KG Layout) are opened automatically at launch, provided they are located in the same folder as KaleidaGraph or in the KaleidaGraph Preferences folder (Macintosh version only). In the Windows version, they can also be located in the \Synergy Software\KaleidaGraph 4.1 directory. The exact path to this directory varies between operating systems, so it may be necessary to use the Search feature to locate the Synergy Software folder.

    KaleidaGraph looks in the same folder as the application for any settings files before looking in the KaleidaGraph Preferences folder (on the Macintosh). In the Windows version, they can also be located in the \Synergy Software\KaleidaGraph 4.1 directory. The exact path to this directory varies between operating systems, so it may be necessary to use the Search feature to locate the Synergy Software folder. This enables you to easily drop in custom files (which must be named appropriately) and have them used at launch.


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    0

    Serial Number/Authorization Code (6)

    Where are my serial number and authorization code?

    The serial number for your program should be located on the back cover of the CD case. If you purchased KG electronically, it will be on your order confirmation, listed in the Digital Rights. If this is an update, your serial number has not changed.

    The authorization code should either be inside the CD case or in the order confirmation (in the Digital Rights section).

    The serial number is just a number; the authorization code contains letters and numbers separated by dashes.

     


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    2

    What does the serial number look like?

    The serial number is just a number, it does not contain any letters. The Serial Number field in the personalization dialog does not accept any letters.

    The serial number should be 5-7 digits. For electronic orders, do not use the customer number or order number for your serial number – it will not work.


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    2

    I am upgrading from a previous version of KaleidaGraph. Where is my serial number?

    We do not assign new serial numbers for upgrades. Use your original serial number.


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    1

    I do not get the OK button after entering my Authorization Code. Why?

    • Make sure you use upper case letters.
    • If your code contains a 0, it is a zero, not the letter O. None of the codes contain the letter O.
    • Double check the characters in the code. It easy to mistake K for X and A for 4, for example.
    • Type the code yourself – do not try copying the code from your order confirmation and pasting it in. You can copy the code, but you cannot include anything before or after the code itself.
    • You can enter the code with or without the dashes, but do not use spaces.


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    0

    I launch the Windows version but the Personalization dialog doesn’t contain any text. Why?

    If you launch the Windows version but the Personalization dialog doesn’t contain any text, restart the computer and try launching KaleidaGraph again.


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    0

    I accidentally entered the wrong serial number, how can I correct this?

    The only way to re-enter the serial number would be to uninstall the software.


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    0

    Data Windows (11)

    How do I control whether a comma or period is used for the decimal point?

    The Decimal Separator setting in the Preferences dialog controls whether a comma, period, or the System Default is used as the decimal separator in the data window and in the axis labels.


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    4

    What is the maximum size of the data window?

    The data window has a maximum limit of 1000 columns and 1 million rows, which cannot be increased.


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    2

    Why are my dates incorrect after copying them from Excel?

    If the data has Excel’s m/d/y h:m format, KaleidaGraph will interpret the time portion as minutes:seconds instead of hours:minutes. To import the dates correctly, use a custom date format in Excel of m/d/y/ h:m:s in the Number dialog under the Format menu. Then copy and paste the data.


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    1

    How many data windows can be open at one time?

    A maximum of 160 data windows may be open at one time in v3.08 and later.


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    0

    I am having issues sorting data

    If the column used as the 1st sort key has fewer data points than the rest of the columns, use a second sort key so that remaining data is sorted properly. Otherwise, the empty spaces at the end of the data window will jump up into the main data.


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    0

    How do I create a template of the data window?

    The Stationary Pad feature on the Mac allows you to use an existing data file as a template.

    1. Customize the data window to suit your needs (column titles, formats, etc.).
    2. Save the data window.
    3. Select the file and choose Get Info from the File menu.
    4. Select the Stationery Pad option. This will allow you to open a copy of this data window.


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    0

    Questions concerning column formats

    KaleidaGraph will not let you have two different data formats in the same column.

    The Float format only supports single precision. It will only be accurate to 7 digits. Beyond 7 digits, round-off errors are likely.

    The Double format supports double precision which is accurate up to 16 digits.

    The Integer format supports numbers within the range of -2147483647 to 2147483647. Numbers outside this range will not be displayed correctly.

    • To display these numbers as integers, enter the values in a Double format, change the Format to Fixed, and set the Decimals to 0.

    There is a 50 character limit for the length of text strings in the data window.


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    0

    Why are my data values changing on their own?

    The Float data format is only valid up to 7 significant digits. Beyond this, round-off errors will occur and you will likely see some of the values change from their original values. To avoid this, use the Double format which is valid up to 16 digits. You need to change the format before opening, pasting, or typing the data. This can be set as a default in the Preferences dialog.


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    0

    How do I display the column numbers in the data window?

    • For the data windows that are already open, click the button in that particular data window to have this area of the data window expand to make the column numbers visible.
    • Select the Show Column Numbers option in the Preferences dialog so that the column numbers are displayed for any new data windows that are opened or created.


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    0

    Importing Data (12)

    Can KaleidaGraph open Excel 2007 and later files?

    • Version 4.5 of KaleidaGraph is the only version that directly opens .xlsx files. Earlier versions do not support the .xlsx file format. There are three ways to get the data from Excel into KaleidaGraph v4.1 or earlier:
    • Copy the data in Excel and paste it into KaleidaGraph. If the first row of information contains column titles, press the Shift key to perform a Paste w/Titles. The first row of information will be used as the column titles when pasted.
    • Save the Excel file in a older style format (.xls extension). These files can be opened directly.
    • Save the file as a tab-delimited text file. These can be opened and will give you control over what columns are imported.


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    9

    How do I open the Text File Input Format dialog?

    When opening text files created by the Macintosh version of KaleidaGraph, the Text File Input Format dialog can be displayed by pressing Option when opening the file. The default is to bypass this dialog.


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    4

    Is it possible to transpose the data while it is being imported?

    It is not possible to transpose the data while it is being imported. Use the Transpose command in the Functions menu after the data has been imported.


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    2

    I imported a text file, but now everything is placed into a single column. Why?

    Verify that the correct Delimiter and the correct setting for the Number are selected. The Number setting specifies the number of delimiters separating the data.


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    1

    Negative numbers are converted to 0.0 after a file is imported. Why?

    See if there is a space between the negative sign and the number. This would cause this type of behavior. Use a word processor to do a find and replace on these characters.


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    1

    Why is an upside down question mark displayed in the preview window?

    If an upside down question mark is displayed in the preview window, it represents an undefined character. It is possible to skip these characters by using an s character in the Special Format.


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    0

    What happens to the lines that are skipped at the beginning of a text file?

    Any lines skipped at the beginning of a text file (up to 10000 lines) are placed in the Posted Note of the data window.


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    0

    Does KaleidaGraph recognize NaNs and INF?

    KaleidaGraph does not recognize these strings when importing a text file. They are imported into the data window as zero values.


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    0

    When importing a text file, what will cause an empty cell to be placed in the data window?

    An empty cell will be inserted in the data window if KaleidaGraph has detected two delimiters in a row (only when Number = 1 is selected) or if a period is the only character between delimiters.

     


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    0

    Can KaleidaGraph handle different types of delimeters in text files?

    KaleidaGraph does not have any way to handle different types of delimiters within a text file. All of the delimiters need to be the same character. If you have a text file containing different delimiters, you need to perform a Find and Replace on one of the delimiter types before trying to import this file into KaleidaGraph.


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    0

    Why does my data file use up more RAM than expected?

    You may open a data file and find that it uses up much more RAM than expected. For example, a 1MB file uses up 8MB of RAM after being opened.

    This could happen if the data file has a large number of empty cells. These cells do not take any space when saving the file, but they use up the memory when the file is opened. If you filled all of the cells with data and saved the file, you would see that the size of the file would increase dramatically.


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    0

    How do I save text files from another application in a format KaleidaGraph will recognize?

    If you want to save text files from another application in a format that KaleidaGraph will recognize and open directly, contact Technical Support to obtain a copy of the binary data format.


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    0

    Exporting Data (5)

    How do I save a KaleidaGraph data file as a text file?

    To save a KaleidaGraph data file as a Text file, choose File > Save Data As and select Tab-Delimited Text from the Save as type (Windows) or Format (Mac) pop-up menu. This will save the data as tab-delimited text that can be imported into another application. Any empty columns will be included in the resulting text file.


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    1

    Is the information in the Posted Note lost when I export the data in a text format?

    • The contents will be lost if the data is saved as a text file and imported into another application or imported into KaleidaGraph with the Option key pressed.
    • If the text file is opened directly into KaleidaGraph, the contents of the Posted Note will be intact.


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    1

    How do I copy more than 10,000 cells into another application?

    To copy more than 10000 cells to paste into another application, you must first select Text Mode in the Edit menu before copying the data. Binary Mode should be used to copy and paste data between KaleidaGraph data windows. If copying less than 10000 cells, both a text and binary copy is performed.


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    0

    How do I create or paste links via DDE?

    Before creating or pasting links via DDE, you must save the source document.


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    0

    I am using the Create Link command and can’t establish a DDE link. Why?

    When using the Create Link command, the source document must be open to successfully establish a DDE link.


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    0

    Printing Data (2)

    I am using overwrite mode and having printing issues.

    If a selection exists in the data window, only what it is selected will be printed. If Overwrite Mode is selected, it is possible that only one value will be printed because this mode uses automatic cell selection. Switch to Insert Mode to avoid this.


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    0

    Nothing printed from the data window. Why?

    If nothing is printed or part of the data is missing, verify that the correct paper size is selected in Page Setup or Print Setup.


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    0

    Demo Version (4)

    My demo expired but I need more time. What do I do?

    If you need more time to test out the demo, you can request an extension by sending email to support@synergy.com.

     


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    2

    Can the demo be converted to a full version?

    No. There isn’t any way to convert the demo version into the full version.


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    2

    When will the demo version time out?

    The KaleidaGraph demo allows you to try out the features within the program for 75 days.


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    0

    Are there any limitations to the demo version?

    The only limitations are that you cannot save or export the files, and a “Demo” banner is placed on any printed plots.

     


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    0

    Formula Entry: General Questions (16)

    Can I subtract the values of one curve from another curve?

    Using Formula Entry, it is possible to subtract the values of one curve from another curve. This can be done if the curves share the same X values or if they were plotted using two different sets of X values.

    If the curves use the same set of X values: You can use Formula Entry to subtract the values of one Y column from another Y column to find the difference between the two. If your Y1 data is in c1, and your Y2 data is in c2, you can use the formula c3=c2-c1 to find the difference and store the results in c3.

    If the curves use separate sets of X values: KaleidaGraph provides a table() command in Formula Entry that can be used to perform linear interpolation. Using this command, you can find the Y values of a curve at specific X locations. This would let you find the Y values for one of your curves at the X values used by the other curve.

    • As an example, suppose you have a data set containing the following: c0 is the X1 data, c1 is the Y1 data, c2 is the X2 data, c3 is the Y2 data
    • If you run the following command in Formula Entry, c4=table(c0,c2,c3), c4 will contain the values from the Y2 curve at the X1 values. You can then run the formula c5=c4-c1 to find the difference between the two curves.


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    7

    How do I calculate statistics on a row-by-row basis?

    • Use the matrix operator along with the statistics command and enter 0 for both the starting and ending row . For example, the formula c5 = mean([0:0, 1:4]) calculates the mean for each individual row in columns 1 through 4 and stores the results in column 5.
    • In version 4.x, the formula c5 = mean(1:4) performs the same operation.


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    3

    Can I use complex numbers in KaleidaGraph?

    There is currently no way to use complex numbers in KaleidaGraph.


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    3

    How many formulas can the Posted Note window hold?

    The Posted Note window can hold about 2000 formulas.


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    1

    How do the fit functions work for extrapolated curve fits?

    When you apply a curve fit and extrapolate to the axis limits, the values you obtain from the fit will only be valid across the range of X that is either displayed or included in the original data. Beyond this range, the values are linearly interpolated. The extrapolate feature in KaleidaGraph will not calculate values beyond what is displayed in the plot.


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    1

    Can I perform math operations on date and time data columns?

    Dates are stored internally as the total number of seconds since Jan. 1, 1904. Times are stored as a total number of seconds from time 0.

    It is possible to display how the value is stored internally by simply setting an empty column (formatted as Double) equal to the column containing dates or times. If c0 contains dates when the formula c1=c0 is executed, c1 will contain the number of seconds between Jan. 1, 1904 and the date.


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    1

    How do I add comments to the formulas in the Posted Note?

    Comments can be added to formulas in the Posted Note by using the semicolon as the first character in the comment line.


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    1

    What happens when I divide by zero?

    Whenever you divide by zero, KaleidaGraph will return a very large value (3.4e38 or 1.79e308, depending on the column format). As far as KaleidaGraph is concerned, this is infinity because dividing by zero results in an undefined value. You can use a mask function so that these values are not used when creating a plot.


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    1

    How do I display the column numbers in the data window?

    • For the data windows that are already open, click the button in that particular data window to have this area of the data window expand to make the column numbers visible.
    • Select the Show Column Numbers option in the Preferences dialog so that the column numbers are displayed for any new data windows that are opened or created.


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    0

    My function was truncated in the Formula Entry window. Why?

    Functions over 250 characters will be truncated in the Formula Entry window. A way to get around this is to define portions of the formula in the Library and use a single formula to tie them all together.


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    0

    How do I get the curve fit command to calculate an X value from a curve for a known Y value?

    The curve fit commands are designed to calculate a Y value from a curve for a known X value. The only way to do the reverse is to either rewrite the equation (solving for X) or to use the table command to linearly interpolate an X value from a known Y value.


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    0

    How are Text columns handled in a formula?

    If a Text column is used as part of a function in Formula Entry, incorrect values will be calculated. If the values are being read from the Text column, KaleidaGraph will read the value as 1 + index(). If you try to store the results of a formula in a Text column, the same value will appear in all of the cells of that column.


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    0

    How do I perform the same operation on the entire data window?

    If you want to perform the same operation on the entire data window, you can either write a separate function for each column or write one equation and select a different column each time you execute the formula.


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    0

    Where are the contents of the F1-F8 keys saved?

    The contents of the F1 – F8 keys, as well as the Posted Note, are saved in the Macros file.


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    0

    Can formulas be saved with the data window?

    The formulas are not saved automatically with the data window. You could copy each of the formulas and paste them into the Posted Note of the data window. This information is saved as part of the data file. When you re-open the data file, you could copy the formulas from the data window Posted Note and paste them into the Formula Entry Posted Note and execute them as a multi-line formula.


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    0

    How are constants stored?

    Any constants entered into Formula Entry are stored as double precision numbers.


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    0

    Formula Entry: Advanced formulas (12)

    How do I interpolate values between data columns?

    The table function can be used in Formula Entry to interpolate values between data columns. If you have X,Y data in columns 0 and 1, and a new set of X data in column 2, you can use the table function to find interpolated Y values at the second set of X points. The command would be c3=table(c2, c0, c1).


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    10

    How do I unmask an entire column via a formula?

    If you execute a mask function where the same column is used in both the boolean test and the destination column (for example, mask(c0 < 20, c0)), the following formula can be used to unmask the entire column:

    unmask(1, c0)


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    4

    How do I take every Xth row from an input column and store it in a separate column?

    If you want to take every Xth row from an input column and store it in a separate column, use the following series of formulas:

    mask(index() mod n, input);cell(index()/n, output) = input;unmask(1, input); where n is the row number to keep, input is the input column number (e.g. c0, c1, etc.) and output is the output column number (e.g. 1, 2, etc.).


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    2

    How do I leave every Nth row in a column unmasked?

    The following formula can be used to leave every Nth row in a column unmasked:

    mask(index() mod n, c0)

    As an example, mask(index() mod 10, c5) would leave rows 0, 10, 20, etc. unmasked in column 5.


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    2

    How do I perform a weighted smooth function on every 5 points?

    The following formula will perform a weighted smooth function on every 5 points, such that points 1 and 5 have a weight of .1, points 2 and 4 have a weight of .3 and point 3 has a weight of 1. Before running the formula, select all but the last four cells in the input column.

    cell(index(), 1)=(cell(index(),0)+3*cell(index()+1, 0)+10*cell(index()+2, 0)+3*cell(index()+3, 0)+cell(index()+4, 0))/18;


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    1

    How do I find the row number containing the minimum value in column 0?

    The following series of formulas can be used to find the row number containing the minimum value (or the first occurrence of the min. value) in column 0. The row number is stored in memory register m2.:

    • m2=0;
    • m1=cmin(c0);
    • m2=(c0==m1 && m2==0) ? index() : m2;


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    1

    How do I invert the data in c0 and place it in c1?

    Invert formula – The following formula can be used to invert the data in c0 and place it in c1.

    c1 = cell(n – index(), 0)

    where n is the last row number in the data window. Any empty rows at the bottom of the original data will be placed at the top of the output column. These can be selected and deleted.


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    0

    How do I take an input column and have every X rows stored in a separate column?

    If you want to take an input column and have every X rows stored in a separate column, use one of the following formulas:

    cell(index(), int(index()/n) + (col + 1)) = cell(index(), col)

    where n is the number of rows in each group and col is the output column number. Using this formula, the data will be in the same row as the original data.

    cell(index() mod n, int(index()/n) + (col + 1)) = cell(index(), col)

    where n is the number of rows in each group and col is the output column number. Using this formula, the data will be placed at the top of the data window.


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    0

    How do I compare two columns to see if any two contain equal values?

    The following formula can be used to compare three columns (c1-c3) to see if any two contain equal values. If all three values are different, the data in c0 is masked.

    mask((c1 != c2) && (c1 != c3) && (c2 != c3), c0)


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    0

    How do I calculate a statistic on blocks of data?

    To calculate a statistic on blocks of data (ex: mean of every 5 rows) use the following formula:

    cell(index() * n + offset, ocol) = mean([index() * (n-1):index() * (n-1) + (n-1), icol: icol])

    where n = the number of rows in the block, the offset is the number of rows down where the final result will be stored, ocol is the output column number and icol is the input column number.


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    0

    How do I calculate a statistic from the beginning of the column down to the current row?

    To have a statistic calculated from the beginning of the column down to the current row, use a formula like:

    c2 = mean([-index() :0, 1:1])


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    0

    How do I calculate statistics by storing the starting and ending rows in columns?

    Calculating statistics by storing the starting and ending rows in columns, you can use a formula like:

    c3=mean([c0:c1, 2:2])

    Keep in mind that as the function moves down the data window, each row becomes row 0 when it is being evaluated, so you would need to adjust the starting and ending rows that are entered in the input columns to get the correct results.


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    0

    Formula Entry: Problems (5)

    When executing a formula, only the result for one of the cells is calculated. Why?

    When executing a formula, only the result for one of the cells is calculated: Make sure Insert Mode (not Overwrite Mode) is selected in the Data menu.


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    1

    Even though my formula is valid, I got a Syntax Error. Why?

    Valid formulas can cause a Syntax Error if any part of the formula is defined by accident in the Library. For example, the formula name(“Test”, c0) could cause an error if either name or c0 was defined to be something else in the Library.


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    1

    Why do I get unexpected results when executing a formula?

    If you get unexpected results when executing a formula: Make sure none of the columns referenced by the formula are formatted as Text.


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    0

    Why would some cells in the destination column be empty?

    If any of the cells in the columns included in the formula are empty or masked, the calculation will not be performed for that row.

     


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    0

    Why do I get an answer like -2.2352 e-10 when I subtract two values that should result in a value of 0?

    • The first problem is due to the way computers do math. It is virtually impossible for computers to store a value of 1; it may be stored as .9999999 or 1.000001. The only exception to this is when using Integers.
    • The next problem is caused by the fact that Formula Entry stores constants as double precision numbers. If the value in c0 is in Float format, KaleidaGraph will try to subtract a double precision number from a floating point number. This is going to result in round-off error.
    • The best way to try and solve this problem is to change the column format of c0 to Double, and then enter the data value. This way both the data in the column and the constant in Formula Entry are stored as double precision numbers. When KaleidaGraph reads the value, it will be treated the same as the constant and a value of zero will result when subtracted.


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    0

    Statistical Tests (3)

    Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test: When calculating the p values, the method will list either exact or normal approx. Why?

    KaleidaGraph calculates the differences between each set of pairs, and ranks the absolute values of the differences from low to high. If there are no tied ranks, an exact p value is calculated. If there are tied ranks (or a large number of samples), the p value is calculated from a Gaussian approximation.

     


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    3

    Two Way ANOVA error message: “Each cell must have the same number of points.”

    • The number of entries in Factor A are unequal, or the number of entries in Factor B are not equally divided for the groups in Factor A, or there are data values missing for the corresponding factors.
    • Using an example of Male and Female for Factor A and Before and After for Factor B:
    • Factor A contains 8 entries for Male and 8 entries for Female.
    • Factor B contains 8 entries for Before (4 for Male and 4 for Female) and 8 entries for After (4 for Male and 4 for Female).
    • The dependent column contains the 16 data values that correspond to these conditions.
    • If any one of these is unequal, missing, or masked, this error message is displayed.
    • If any empty or masked cells are found, the entire row is omitted.


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    1

    Two Way ANOVA error message: “Factor B must have at least two blocks.”

    Either this column contains the same value throughout or the values associated with the first group of Factor A are all identical.


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    0

    Linear Plots (5)

    How do I hide the markers in a Scatter plot?

    Scatter plots do not allow any of the markers to be hidden. A Scatter plot will display a marker for every point you are plotting. If you want to hide the markers for one of your variables, you need to create a Line plot. This plot gives you complete control over the number of markers displayed and the line between the points.


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    3

    Can I display bars/columns in a Line, Scatter, Double X, Double Y, or Double XY plot?

    It is possible to display bars/columns in Line, Scatter, Double X, Double Y, and Double XY plots by selecting a marker type of Bar in the Variable Settings dialog. This is useful when you want to treat the X axis as a numeric axis and not as categories. It is also useful when the Y columns contain empty cells (which are treated as zero values in normal Bar and Column plots). The width of the bars is controlled using the Marker Size pop-up menu in Variable Settings.


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    1

    When I zoom in on a plot containing a variable line, the line shifts away from the data. Why?

    The problem is that you are zooming in so much that the points used to draw the line are so far away from the area being zoomed into that the line shifts away from where it should be. One workaround is to include some points within (or just outside) the limits that you wish to view. This way the data points aren’t spread so far apart and you can zoom in further on the data.

     


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    0

    How do I control the number of markers that are displayed?

    Choose Plot > Variable Settings. The Show Markers pop-up menu controls the number of markers that are displayed. For Scatter plots, your only option is to show All of the markers. Line plots give you the ability to control the number of markers and the type of line, if any, to be displayed on the plot.


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    0

    How do I plot multiple X variables in v4.5?

    With the new Variable Selection dialog in v4.5, the process for creating Double X and Double XY plots has changed. This would also be used to plot multiple X-Y pairs on the same plot.

    1. Choose your plot type.
    2. Select your first set of X and Y variables.
    3. Click Add to create a new plot group in the dialog.
    4. Select your next set of X and Y variables.
    5. You can either click Plot if you are done, or click Add and continue adding X-Y pairs until you are ready to plot.


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    0

    Stat Plots (11)

    How is the Box plot calculated and what do the lines represent?

    Each box encloses 50% of the data with the median value of the variable displayed as a line. The top and bottom of the box mark the limits of ± 25% of the variable population. The lines extending from the top and bottom of each box mark the minimum and maximum values within the data set that fall within an acceptable range. Any value outside of this range, called an outlier, is displayed as an individual point.

    Outliers are used in the calculations for the Box plot. Removing outliers changes the entire plot. You do not have any control over the marker used to represent outliers.

    • Median – The data value located halfway between the smallest and largest values.
    • Upper Quartile (UQ) – The data value located halfway between the median and the largest data value.
    • Lower Quartile (LQ) – The data value located halfway between the median and the smallest data value.
    • Interquartile Distance (IQD) – The distance between the Upper and Lower Quartiles (UQ – LQ).
    • Outliers – Points whose value is either: greater than UQ + 1.5 * IQD or less than LQ – 1.5 * IQD.


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    12

    How do I get the counts side by side instead of stacked on top of each other in a Histogram?

    There aren’t any settings that will let you shift the location of the bars. You can get around this by using the Bin Data command from the Functions menu. Use Histogram as the Export Format. This will enable you to create a Column plot of the binned data. The Column plots will place the bars side by side.


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    1

    What does the Bin Data command do?

    The Bin Data command (Functions menu) performs the binning routine for a Histogram. You can specify the Min, Max, and Number of Bins. The results can be copied to the Clipboard.


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    1

    How do I apply a curve fit to a Histogram plot?

    It is not possible to apply a curve fit to a Histogram plot. You can get around this by using the Bin Data command from the Functions menu. Use Histogram as the Export Format. This will enable you to create a Column plot of the binned data and apply a curve fit.


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    1

    Why doesn’t my Box plot have any whiskers?

    If there are not any lines extending out from the box or there is not a line drawn for the mean, it is possible that the value for the 25th or 75th percentile line is also the largest value within the acceptable range. The mean can also be equal to the 25th or 75th percentile. It is all dependent on the original data.


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    1

    What is the equation for the curve fit applied to the Probability plot?

    For the curve fit applied to the Probability plot, you will get an equation of the form:

    y=a*e^(b*norm(x))

    where a = median and b = standard deviation (if the data is normally distributed).

    If the data is normally distributed, the median value reported by the curve fit should be the same as the median value of the raw data. If they differ, either the data is not normally distributed or does not follow this type of distribution.


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    0

    How do I calculate norm(x(i)) for the Probability plot?

    To calculate norm(x(i)) for the Probability plot, use a Normal Distribution Table. The quantity x(i) represents the % probability of a point occurring. To calculate this probability:

    x(i) = 100 * P(i)

    P(i) = (i – 0.5) / n

    i = position of point in sorted (ascending sort) data set. It takes on a value between 1 and n.

    n = number of data points in the set.

    Once you know P(i), you can calculate norm(P(i)) if you have a normal distribution table (available in Statistics and Math CRC books).


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    0

    How do I add space between the bars in a Histogram?

    There aren’t any settings that will let you put space between the bars. You can get around this by using the Bin Data command from the Functions menu. Use Histogram as the Export Format. This will enable you to create a Column plot of the binned data. The Column plots let you have space between the bars.


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    0

    How do I change the limits for the X axis in a Histogram plot when specifying the number of bins?

    Use the Axis Options command to edit the X axis limits. The dialog will contain fields for adding or subtracting bins from the min and max side of the Histogram. Enter a positive number to expand the axis range; enter a negative value to remove bins.


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    0

    Can I use log scales in a Box plot?

    Log scales are permitted in v4.x.


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    0

    Bar Plots (10)

    How do I make the frame around the bars/columns thicker?

    Choose Plot > Plot Options and increase the Line Thickness percentage to 200% or more. You may not notice a change on the screen, but they will be thicker when the plot is printed.


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    2

    How do I display the data values on my bar or column plot?

    Choose Add Values from the Plot menu. The Value Label Format command controls the format of the labels.


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    2

    How can I combine a Line plot and a Column plot on a single plot?

    There are two ways to combine a Line plot and a Column plot on a single plot:

    • Create a Line plot. Change one of the markers to Bar and show All of the markers. The width of the bars in controlled by the Marker Size setting.
    • Create a Column plot. Change the fill pattern for one of the variables to a Line.


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    1

    How do I control the baseline for log axes?

    The Bar portion of Plot Options contains an Adjust Log Baseline option that controls what is used for the baseline of log axes. When this option is selected, the X min value is used for the baseline. When deselected, a baseline of 1.0 is used.


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    1

    Why can’t I change the axis limits in Bar/Column plots?

    Bar and Column plots always treat the X axis as categories, not as numbers. The axis limits that are listed correspond to the row numbers in the data window. To plot a subset of the original data, you would need to make a selection in the data window before creating the plot.


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    1

    How can I create a column plot having a different pattern for each of the bars and a space in between the bars?

    1. Organize your data so that each category is in a separate column.
    2. Use this data to create a Summary Column plot (Stat submenu).
    3. Use the Variable Settings command to control the Fill Pattern and Color.


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    1

    Can I display bars/columns in Line, Scatter, Double X, Double Y, and Double XY plots?

    It is possible to display bars/columns in Line, Scatter, Double X, Double Y, and Double XY plots by selecting a marker type of Bar in the Variable Settings dialog. This is useful when you want to treat the X axis as a numeric axis and not as categories. It is also useful when the Y columns contain empty cells (which are treated as zero values in normal Bar and Column plots). The width of the bars is controlled using the Marker Size pop-up menu in Variable Settings .


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    0

    Can I create a Stack Area plot with KaleidaGraph?

    Stack Area plot -We don’t have a setting that will automatically create this type of plot. However it is possible to use Formula Entry to calculate the percentages and then plot this data as a Stack Bar or Stack Column plot.

    For example, if your X data is in column 0 and you have three Y columns in columns 1-3, you can use the following formulas to convert the original values into percentages:

    c4=c1/csum(1:3)*100;c5=c2/csum(1:3)*100;c6=c3/csum(1:3)*100\


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    0

    Can I create a Floating Bar/Column plot with KaleidaGraph?

    Floating Bar/Column plots – These plot types were added in v4.5 of KaleidaGraph.

    In earlier versions it is possible to use a Scatter plot to get the appearance of this plot type:

    1. Plot the data as a Scatter plot, choosing the column of larger values first and the smaller values second.
    2. In the Variable Settings dialog, set the Marker to Bar for both variables. For the column of smaller values, choose a solid fill pattern and a color of white. The width of the bars can be controlled using the Marker Size setting.
    3. In Plot Options, click Bar, and deselect the Draw Column Frame option.
    4. It would be a good idea to remove the grid lines from the plot.


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    0

    How are errors calculated when plotting duplicate categories?

    Duplicate categories – When plotting the averages of the occurrences, errors are calculated on the average values, not the original raw data. If only one category is plotted, the errors are not calculated because it is not possible to calculate an error on a single value.


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    0

    Polar Plots (2)

    How do I remove the radial grid from a Polar plot?

    To remove the radial grid from a Polar plot, set the X axis Grid to None. The radial grid is the lines radiating from the center. The spacing of this grid is controlled using the X axis Ticks setting.


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    1

    Can I remove just the crosshairs in the Polar plot?

    We do not currently have a way to remove just the crosshairs in the Polar plot.


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    0

    Function Plots (2)

    How can I plot multiple functions on a single plot?

    To plot multiple functions on a single plot, create two separate Function plots, extract the data from each, and use the data to create a Line or Scatter plot.


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    5

    How can I access the data used to create a Function plot?

    To access the data used to create the Function plot, choose Plot > Extract Data or click the Extract button in the upper-right corner of the plot window.


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    0

    Template Plots (4)

    What are the differences between performing a Replot and using the Template plot?

    The differences between performing a Replot and using the Template plot:

    • Plot title will not be the same when using Replot.
    • Curve fits and error bars are not remembered when using Replot.
    • Replot occurs in the same plot window; Template plot creates a new window.


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    1

    After using a Template plot that has curve fits applied, the resulting plot has extra curve fit equations displayed on the plot. Why?

    The problem occurs when the plot being used as the template has more variables plotted (and fitted) than in the new plot that is being generated.

    There are two ways to get around it: 1) Use the Eraser tool to delete the unwanted equations from the new plot or 2) Prior to using the Template, remove the extra fits that won’t be needed for the new plot.

    If you repeatedly use the same plot as a template, you could create several versions that only differ in the number of curve fits that they have applied and open the appropriate one as needed.


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    0

    Why can’t I choose the Template command?

    The Template command will be unavailable if there are no open data windows or if the plot window is not the frontmost window on the screen.


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    0

    What are the differences between Template plot and Plot Script?

    The differences between Template plot and Plot Script:

    • Template plot only creates one plot at a time. Plot Script can do multiple plots.
    • Plot Script enables you to set the legend text and plot title. Legends in Template come from the data window, and the plot title does not change.
    • Plot Script can be saved to a file so that it can be easily used later on.
    • Plots created by a script can automatically be saved and/or printed.


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    0

    Plots & Plot Windows (18)

    How can I find the area under a curve?

    KaleidaGraph includes a function that will find the area under the curve. With the data window active, choose Macros > Integrate – Area. A dialog will prompt for the X and Y columns of data. A second dialog will prompt for the X min, X max, and a Y ref value (baseline). The results are then displayed in a dialog.


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    8

    Can I subtract the values of one curve from another curve?

    Using Formula Entry, it is possible to subtract the values of one curve from another curve. This can be done if the curves share the same X values or if they were plotted using two different sets of X values.

    If the curves use the same set of X values: You can use Formula Entry to subtract the values of one Y column from another Y column to find the difference between the two. If your Y1 data is in c1, and your Y2 data is in c2, you can use the formula c3=c2-c1 to find the difference and store the results in c3.

    If the curves use separate sets of X values: KaleidaGraph provides a table() command in Formula Entry that can be used to perform linear interpolation. Using this command, you can find the Y values of a curve at specific X locations. This would let you find the Y values for one of your curves at the X values used by the other curve.

    • As an example, suppose you have a data set containing the following: c0 is the X1 data, c1 is the Y1 data, c2 is the X2 data, c3 is the Y2 data
    • If you run the following command in Formula Entry, c4=table(c0,c2,c3), c4 will contain the values from the Y2 curve at the X1 values. You can then run the formula c5=c4-c1 to find the difference between the two curves.


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    7

    How many plots can be open at one time?

    A maximum of 32 plots may be open at one time.


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    3

    How do I set the default attributes for plots?

    Each type of plot (Line, Scatter, Column, etc.) has its own layout that is stored as part of the Style file. Once you have a plot looking the way you want it, choose Plot > Define Layout. Once you click OK, KaleidaGraph will use the current layout when you create this same type of plot in the future. The layout remembers the position of the legend, type of legend frame, position and size of the axes, etc. This information also gets saved as part of the Style file when you quit.

    This will not set defaults for any text labels. This must be done using the Text Options command.


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    3

    How do I save new defaults for text labels?

    To save new defaults for text labels:

    1. Choose Plot > Text Options.
    2. Click the labels for which you want to set new defaults.
    3. Select your new defaults from the pop-up menus.
    4. Click OK to return to the plot window. Any labels that had their attributes changed are updated.
    5. To make these settings permanent, make sure you save changes to the Style when quitting KaleidaGraph.


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    3

    How many Y variables can be plotted on a graph?

    Version 4.5 – A maximum of 99 Y variables can be plotted on a single plot.

    Version 4.1 and earlier – A maximum of 20 Y variables can be plotted on a single plot. To plot more than 20 variables, you could create two separate plots and overlay them in the layout window.

    The one exception is the Pie chart which only permits one X and one Y variable.


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    2

    How can I combine a Line plot and a Column plot on a single plot?

    There are two ways to combine a Line plot and a Column plot on a single plot:

    • Create a Line plot. Change one of the markers to Bar and show All of the markers. The width of the bars in controlled by the Marker Size setting.
    • Create a Column plot. Change the fill pattern for one of the variables to a Line.


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    1

    How do I add new curves to a plot?

    To add new curves:

    1. Open the saved plot.
    2. Either open a new data set or choose Extract Data from the Plot menu to display the original data used to create the plot.
    3. Switch from the data window to the plot that was opened.
    4. Choose Template from the Gallery menu.
    5. Select the variables you want to plot and click New Plot. A new plot will be created using the saved plot as a Template.


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    1

    I can’t extract the data or make changes to a saved plot. Why?

    If you are unable to extract the data or make changes to a saved plot:

    • The data window was closed before saving the plot (true in versions prior to v4.0).
    • KaleidaGraph Picture was selected from the Save as type (Windows) or Format (Mac) pop-up menu in the Save dialog.


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    1

    How can I view the x-y coordinates of a point on a plot? Can I label the point?

    There is an Identify tool on the toolbox that can be used to view the X and Y coordinates. This tool looks like a set of crosshairs. You can also use the Identify tool to add a value label by pressing Option (Mac) or Alt (Windows) when clicking on the plot.


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    1

    How do I delete curves from a plot?

    To delete curves from a plot:

    1. Open the saved plot.
    2. Choose the same plot type from the Gallery menu.
    3. In the dialog that appears, click the leftmost button for the variables you want to remove and click Replot.


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    0

    How many objects can be created on a single plot?

    A maximum of 500 objects (lines, boxes, ovals, etc.) can be created on a single plot. This limit does not include text labels.


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    0

    How can I link multiple plots to the same data?

    The only way to link multiple plots to the same data set would be through the use of DDE under Windows. You could maintain the original data in Excel and link to the data from within KaleidaGraph. Any plots created from the linked data would be updated when the data changes.


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    0

    Text that should be rotated is displayed on the screen without being rotated. Why?

    Try switching to a different font, preferably a True Type font. True Type fonts have rotation information built into the font. Non-True Type fonts, like Courier, do not have this kind of information. Because of this, rotated text labels will not appear properly on the screen. You can open the Fonts control panel to see which fonts are True Type fonts.


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    0

    Characters in the Symbol font are not showing up correctly on the plot.

    There could be a problem with the font cache on the Mac. The easiest way to clear the font cache is to reboot into Safe Mode by holding the Shift key immediately after a restart. A progress bar should appear, during which time the system will run various checks behind the scene, which includes clearing the font cache. After the system boots up, you could launch KG to see if things are working and then restart normally to get out of Safe Mode.


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    0

    Unable to locate the Toolbox on the screen.

    The toolbox is only available when a plot or layout window is active. If you don’t see it, the toolbox may have been moved to one of the screen edges. If all else fails, renaming the default KG Style file would force the program to use it’s internal defaults and get the toolbox back in it’s normal position.


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    0

    How do I display a gap in my line where I have missing data?

    Choose Plot Options from the Plot menu and turn on the Missing Data Breaks check box in the General portion of the dialog. A gap will be placed in the variable line wherever there are masked or missing data values.


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    0

    How can I change the font or font size for all of the text labels in my plot?

    • Use the Select All command to select the labels and then use the submenus available from the Text tool on the toolbox to change the font and/or font size.
    • To set the defaults for the text labels, use the Text Options command (Plot menu).


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    0

    Plot Tools (8)

    What does the Text tool do?

    This Tool allows you to change the format, style, etc. of individual axis labels, in addition to the plot title and legend items.


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    0

    How do I display the \ character in a text label?

    If you want to display the \ character in a text label, you must enter two backslashes (ex. D\\s to have D\s displayed on the plot). The backslash is a special character in KaleidaGraph.


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    0

    How can I modify the default styles for the Line/Arrow tool?

    The default styles that appear for the Line/Arrow tool can be modified using the Edit Arrow Heads command from the Object menu.


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    0

    I created a line but only see the object handles and not the object. Why?

    If you create a line (or any other object), but only see the object handles and not the object, check the settings for the Foreground Color, Pen Pattern, and Line Style from the toolbox.


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    0

    Can I change the line around a rounded rectangle, oval, circle or arc?

    Rounded rectangles, ovals, circles, and arcs will always have solid lines. You can change the line color and thickness.


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    0

    When using the Table tool, can I set the defaults for the Options dialog?

    It is not possible to set the defaults for anything in the Options dialog from the Format menu (Pack Rows, Pack Columns, Fixed Row or Column Height, or Minimum Row and Column Size). KaleidaGraph does not remember these settings as defaults.


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    0

    Unable to locate the Toolbox on the screen.

    The toolbox is only available when a plot or layout window is active. If you don’t see it, the toolbox may have been moved to one of the screen edges. If all else fails, renaming the default KG Style file would force the program to use it’s internal defaults and get the toolbox back in it’s normal position.


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    0

    Adding Greek or Special Characters (3)

    Adding special characters to text labels – Windows

    Greek characters can be created using the Symbol font. For other characters, the Character Map utility can be used to display the characters available for a given font. The desired character can be copied to the Clipboard and pasted into the Edit String dialog in KaleidaGraph. If the character does not appear correctly, verify the font selected in KaleidaGraph for this character matches the font selected in Character Map.

    Note: KaleidaGraph does not support all of the characters listed in the Character Map utility.


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    15

    Adding Superscripts, Subscripts, Alternate Fonts, and Line Breaks to Column Titles and Text Data

    Superscripts, subscripts, and an alternate font can be used in the column titles and text data by preceding the characters to be altered with \u (up), \d (down), and \f (alternate font), respectively. To return to the default attributes, use \n (normal).

    Multi-line titles can be created by placing \r where the line break should occur. Any characters following \r will be placed on a separate line.

    Note: The text in the data window will not display the superscripts, subscripts, alternate fonts, and line breaks. The \n, \f, \u, \d, and \r characters are mixed in with the normal text. However, when you create a plot, these characters are converted to obtain the desired results.

     


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    2

    Adding special characters to text labels – Macintosh

    Greek characters can be created using the Symbol font. For other characters, go to System Preferences > Language & Text > Input Sources and enable Keyboard & Character Viewer. Also make sure Show input menu in menu bar (at the bottom) is enabled. Click on the keyboard or flag icon in the menu bar. Select Show Keyboard Viewer. You now have access to all of your active fonts and what they look like according to your keyboard layout. Everything changes dynamically as you hold various keys such as shift, command, option, etc.


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    2

    Legend Text & Frame (7)

    How do I change the text in the legend?

    To change the text in the legend, use the Text tool. You can double-click any text item you want to edit.


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    7

    How do I remove the frame around the legend?

    Use the last icon in the toolbox. The icon is divided into two sections. The part on the right is represented by up and down arrows. If you click to the left, a pop-up menu appears which contains different line styles. Choose None from the bottom of this menu.


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    3

    How do I make changes to the legend frame?

    Click the legend to select it. Now all of its attributes can be controlled from the bottom three icons on the toolbox. The first icon controls the foreground and background color, the one in the middle controls the fill and pen patterns, and the last one controls the line style and thickness.


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    2

    How do I set the color of the legend text?

    The color of the legend text can be set independent of the variable color if the Link Text to Variable Color option is deselected in Text Options (Plot menu).


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    1

    How do I remove a label in the legend?

    To remove a label in the legend, select it with the Text tool and press the Delete or Backspace key.


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    0

    How do I move the text in the legend?

    The text in the legend can be moved by clicking and dragging it with the Text tool.


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    0

    How do I set the defaults for the legend frame?

    1. After you have set up the legend the way you like it, choose Define Layout from the Plot menu. This is will remember the attributes of the legend and make this the new default for this plot type (each type of plot can have its own layout).
    2. Make sure you save the Style when quitting KaleidaGraph so your settings will be remembered the next time you launch it.
    Share Button


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    0

    Axes (7)

    How do I hide the top and right axes in a plot?

    To display only the X and Y axes (and not the X2 and Y2 axes), select the Turn Off Axis option for the X2 and Y2 axes in the Position portion of the Axis Options dialog.


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    2

    How do I control whether tick marks are displayed along the X2 and Y2 axes?

    To control whether tick marks and labels are displayed along the X2 and Y2 axes, use the Link To pop-up menu for the X2 and Y2 tabs in Axis Options.


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    2

    How do I increase the thickness of the axes?

    1. Choose Plot > Axis Options.
    2. Click the All tab.
    3. Click Thickness.
    4. Version 4.5 – Use the pop-up menu to increase the Axis Thickness.
    5. Version 4.0 and 4.1 – Increase the Axis Thickness to 200 or 300%.

    Depending on the thickness selected, you may not notice the change on the screen; however, there will be a difference when the plot is printed.


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    0

    Can I have a split or break in an axis?

    If you have v4.0 or later you can use the Axis Options command to place a split or break in an axis (e.g. 0-10, a break, and then 100-500).


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    0

    Why does my log axis appear linear?

    When using log axes, it is possible to make the range of data small enough so that the log(x) is approximately linear. This can be demonstrated by plotting log(x) against a unit series and then fitting to a straight line.


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    0

    How does KaleidaGraph handle X data columns formatted as Text?

    If your X data is formatted as Text, these values will be treated as categories and not numeric values in Line, Scatter, Double Y, and other similar plots. The limits in the Axis Options dialog will represent the number of categories and not the actual values you are plotting. If these values should be treated as numbers, make sure the X data column is formatted as Float or Double.


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    0

    How do I change the position of the axes?

    There are two ways to change the position of an axis:

    • You can click and drag the axis to a new position.
    • You can use the Position portion of the Axis Options dialog to control where the axis is placed.


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    0

    Grid Lines (2)

    How do I increase the thickness of the grid lines?

    1. Choose Plot > Axis Options.
    2. Click the All tab.
    3. Click Thickness.
    4. Version 4.5 – Use the pop-up menu to increase the Grid Thickness.
    5. Version 4.0 and 4.1 – Increase the Grid Thickness to 200 or 300%.

    Depending on the thickness selected, you may not notice the change on the screen; however, there will be a difference when the plot is printed.


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    0

    How do I make major and minor grid lines have different thicknesses?

    Here is a trick to get major and minor grid lines with different thicknesses. To do this, the major ticks must be shown inside or on both sides of the axes. By setting the Inside value for major tick marks to a large enough value in Axis Options, the tick marks will extend across the plot and look like major grid lines. You can then set the Tick Thickness to control the thickness of the major grids and the Grid Thickness to control the thickness of the minor grids.


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    0

    Axis Labels (5)

    How do I control whether a comma or period is used for the decimal point?

    The Decimal Separator setting in the Preferences dialog controls whether a comma, period, or the System Default is used as the decimal separator in the data window and in the axis labels.


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    4

    How can I change the format of my axis labels?

    The format of the axis labels is controlled by the Labels portion of the Axis Options dialog for the selected axis. If the labels are shown in scientific notation and shouldn’t be, make sure General is selected for the Format and the correct number of Digits is specified.


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    0

    How do I control the appearance of labels in scientific notation?

    The Notation pop-up menu in the Labels portion of Axis Options allows you to display axis labels in the format 2 x 10^4 and some other formats as well.


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    0

    How do I prevent the plot from being redrawn after I edit the axis labels?

    If you edit the axis labels and the plot is redrawn, the labels will revert to the original text. The only sure way to prevent the labels from being redrawn is to use the Text tool to create your own axis labels and hide the original axis labels using the Axis Options command (choose Axis Options, click Labels, and choose None). This way the labels you create will not be affected when the plot is redrawn.


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    0

    How do I suppress the seconds in the axis labels?

    As long as you have v4.0 or later you can suppress the seconds in the axis labels. The Format pop-up menu in the Labels portion of the Axis Options dialog controls how time labels are displayed.


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    0

    Plot Symbols & Lines (12)

    How many markers/symbols are available in KaleidaGraph?

    The Variable Settings dialog contains five columns of markers in the Marker pop-up menu, providing a total of 60 different choices. The first six markers in the left column are transparent which will show any line passing through the marker. The remaining markers are opaque which will hide any lines that pass through them.

    Using the Line Color and Fill Color pop-up menus, it is possible to assign different colors for the marker frame and fill pattern, giving you even more choices in how your symbols are displayed on the plot.


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    6

    How do I make the markers thicker?

    Choose Plot > Plot Options and increase the Marker Thickness percentage to 200% or more. You may not notice a change on the screen, but they will be thicker when the plot is printed.


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    4

    Can I display different markers for a single variable?

    There is no way to display different markers for a single variable. The data would need to be placed in a separate column and plotted as another variable on the plot in order to make it’s attributes different.


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    2

    Can I use font characters as markers?

    • You can’t modify the markers that are built into KaleidaGraph. One thing you can do is add text error bars to your plot. Text error bars are normally used to annotate the points in the plot. You could create a Line plot, hide the original markers, and add text error bars to the plot. As an example, you might create a text column with the letter a in each row. Once you add this column as text error bars, you can double-click the text and change the font to Zapf Dingbats or some other font that has different symbols in it.
    • The manual and help file contain information on adding text error bars to a plot. To use them as markers, you would want to add them as X error bars. You would also want to make them single-sided and have the text centered (using the Center Text option).


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    1

    What do the different marker sizes mean?

    Marker Size pop-up menu in Variable Settings:

    • 0 – 1: Marker is displayed as a single dot.
    • 2 – 3: Marker is displayed as a small rectangle.
    • 4 – 6: Marker is displayed as a 2 pixel object.
    • 7 on up: Size of marker increases 1 screen pixel in each direction for each group of three.


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    1

    Why are some of the markers missing on the plot?

    In v3.5.2 and earlier, the default for Line, Double Y, Double X, and Double XY plots is to show a Fixed # of markers, which is set to 5. To see more, choose Plot > Variable Settings and select All in the Show Markers pop-up menu. As of v3.6, this now defaults to All.


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    0

    Can I fill a plot marker with a fill pattern?

    No. There is no way to fill a plot marker with a fill pattern.


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    0

    Can I assign different colors for the interior and outline of a single marker?

    As of v4.5, it is possible to assign different colors for the marker frame and fill. In Variable Settings, the Line Color pop-up menu control the color of the marker frame. If the marker has a black interior, the Fill Color pop-up menu can be used to assign a different color for the black region of the marker.


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    0

    Can I force KaleidaGraph to draw the variable or curve fit lines over top of the markers?

    There isn’t a way to force KaleidaGraph to draw the variable or curve fit lines over top of the markers. When the plot is drawn, all of the variable and curve fit lines are drawn first, followed by the markers. If you want to have a line appear on top of the markers instead of behind them, create two separate plots and overlay them in the layout window.


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    0

    Can I display text above or next to the markers?

    You can use Text error bars to display text above, below, or next to the markers in your plot. The manual and Help file contain information for adding Text error bars to a plot.


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    0

    How do I display a gap in my line where I have missing data?

    Choose Plot Options from the Plot menu and turn on the Missing Data Breaks check box in the General portion of the dialog. A gap will be placed in the variable line wherever there are masked or missing data values.


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    0

    Error Bars (2)

    How do I set the color of text error bars?

    The color of text error bars can be set independent of the variable color if the Link Text to Variable Color option is deselected in Text Options (Plot menu).


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    4

    Can I display text above or next to the markers?

    You can use Text error bars to display text above, below, or next to the markers in your plot. The manual and Help file contain information for adding Text error bars to a plot.


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    0

    Curve Fitting: General Questions (6)

    If I apply a Least Squares curve fit and a General curve fit to the same data, why do I get slightly different results?

    It is possible to apply a Least Squares curve fit and a General curve fit to the same data and get slightly different results. This is because these fits use different methods to arrive at their results.


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    2

    How are the curve fits in KaleidaGraph calculated?

    We can email you information if you want to know how any of the curve fits in KaleidaGraph are calculated. Contact us at tech@synergy.com.


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    0

    If I create a plot that has two lines (X, Y) and (X2, Y), would I be able to apply the same curve fit to both lines?

    If you create a plot that has two lines (X, Y) and (X2, Y) where the Y data comes from the same data column, you would not be able to apply the same curve fit to both lines. The curve fit data is stored with the Y data column, not the X data column. To apply two separate fits, you would need to copy the Y data and paste it into a new column so that you could plot (X, Y) and (X2, Y2). You would then be able to apply the same fit to the two different Y variables.


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    0

    How do I adjust the number of digits that are displayed for the curve fit results?

    Internally, the coefficients are stored in double precision format. The number of decimals displayed is determined by what is selected in the Equation Label Format dialog (Plot menu). If you change the number of decimals, the curve fit is recalculated and the number of decimals in the coefficients will reflect the change.


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    0

    How do I get errors to be displayed for a Least Squares fit?

    Version 4.5 – Errors can only be displayed for the Linear and General curve fits. If you want errors for any of the other fits, program that particular function into the General curve fit. To see the errors for the Linear fit, choose View Results or Copy Parameters to Clipboard from the View pop-up menu in the Curve Fit Selections dialog or choose Curve Fit > Export All Curve Fits.

    Version 4.1 and earlier – Errors can only be displayed for the General curve fit. If you want errors for any of the other fits, program that particular function into the General curve fit.


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    0

    How does the Undo Macro affect curve fits?

    Using the Undo Macro command undoes any curve fits that were applied. This information is not recoverable and the Redo command will not bring it back. This is a design decision that was made back in v1.1 of KaleidaGraph. Otherwise, there is a high probability of a System crash.


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    0

    Least Squares Fits (5)

    On my log-log plot, the Linear curve fit does not appear as a straight line. Why?

    On a log-log or semi-log plot, a Linear curve fit may not appear as a straight line. This is because the divisions along a log scale are not equally spaced. However, it is possible to get the appearance of a straight line using one of the following curve fits:

    • On a log-log plot (both axes are logarithmic), use a Power curve fit.
    • On a semi-log plot with a linear Y axis (X axis is log), use a Logarithmic curve fit.
    • On a semi-log plot with a linear X axis (Y axis is log), use an Exponential curve fit.


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    7

    How are the Linear, Polynomial, Exponential, Logarithmic, and Power curve fits calculated in KaleidaGraph?

    The Linear, Polynomial, Exponential, Logarithmic, and Power curve fits in KaleidaGraph are calculated using the Least Squared Error method. Least Squares computes a set of coefficients to the specified function, that minimize the square of the difference between the original data and the predicting function. In other words, it minimizes the square of the error between the original data and the values predicted by the equation.


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    0

    What happens when I apply a Power curve fit?

    When you apply a Power curve fit, the equation is first converted into a Linear equation (log y = log a + b * log x). This Linear fit is applied to the data. After the fit, the intercept is converted back (10^a) for display in the Power equation.


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    0

    Why is the R value for a Power fit different than the one I got in another program?

    The correlation coefficient for the Power fit shows the correlation between the Power curve fit and the original data. Some other programs show the correlation between the Linear curve fit and the log of the data. That is why when you apply a linear fit to the logged data in KG, you get the same R value as some other programs report for their Power fits.


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    0

    During the calculation of the Power curve fit, is the error minimized on a log scale, or a linear scale?

    During the calculation of the Power curve fit, the error is minimized on a log scale, not a linear scale.


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    0

    Smoothing Curve Fits (3)

    What data is used to calculate Smooth, Interpolate, and Cubic Spline fits?

    The algorithms for the Smooth, Interpolate, and Cubic Spline fits all use the entire range of the data set when calculated, even if the axis limits do not cover the full range. This ensures that you get the same curve fit line even if you are zooming in on a portion of the curve.


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    3

    What is the difference between the Cubic Spline and the Smooth curve fits?

    The Cubic Spline takes a 4-point moving window and calculates a cubic polynomial to those 4 points. The Smooth fit is an Interpolate curve fit with a weight applied. The weight is applied to 20% of the data (-10% to +10% of the data around the current point).


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    1

    Can I extrapolate the various Smoothing fits to the axis limits?

    It is not possible to extrapolate the various Smoothing fits to the axis limits because these fits do not result in an equation. This is because these fits cannot be represented by a single formula.


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    0

    General Curve Fit (11)

    What should I use for the initial guesses in a Gaussian curve fit?

    You can usually look at the plot to pick initial guesses for the Gaussian curve fit. Do not set any of the guesses equal to zero.

    • m1 – the Y value that the tails of the curve approach for large values of |X|.
    • m2 – the maximum Y value of the curve.
    • m3 – the mean of the data.
    • m4 – the bell-width.


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    9

    How to find IC50/EC50 values using KaleidaGraph?

    In order to calculate IC50 values, you need to plot the data and apply a General (user-defined) curve fit.

    1. Create your plot.
    2. Choose Curve Fit > General > Sigmoidal. This equation is the same as the Dose Response Logistic equation found in the IC50 folder (see below).
    3. Click the check box for each variable you want to fit.
    4. Click OK to apply the fit.
    5. KaleidaGraph will attempt to fit the data and should display a table containing the results, where m1 is the Ymin value, m2 is the Ymax value, m3 is the X value at mid-point of Y (IC50), and m4 is the slope of the curve at the midpoint.

    If you get a Singular Matrix Coefficient error message, it may be necessary to adjust the initial guesses for the unknown parameters.

    KaleidaGraph also includes other curve fit equations that can be used to determine IC50 values. The IC50 curve fit equations are stored in the IC50 folder (within the Curve Fits folder in the Examples folder). These are individual text files that can be used within the General curve fit.
    The equations are listed in the Help file. The easiest way to find it is to look up IC50 in the Index. You can also enter your own equation if the one you want to use is not provided.


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    8

    How do I perform a stretched exponential curve fit?

    Stretched exponential curve fits:

    • Equations of the form: y = 1 – exp[ -(t / tau)^b]
    • This can cause a problem because KaleidaGraph could be trying to take a root of a negative value.
    • To solve the problem, rewrite the equation as: y = 1 – 1 / [exp((t / tau)^b)]


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    4

    What algorithm is KaleidaGraph’s General curve fit based on?

    KaleidaGraph’s General curve fit is based on the Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. Our reference for this curve fit comes from Numerical Recipes in C, William H. Press, Brian P. Flannery, Saul A. Teukolsky, William T. Vetterling, Cambridge University Press. The section of this book which shows the formulas used in calculating the parameters and errors for the General curve fit is available as a PDF file.


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    2

    How is the % error listed during each iteration calculated?

    The % error listed during each iteration is a normalized Chi Square value. It is calculated by taking the current Chi Square value and dividing it by the sum of the squared values of the function. This value is multiplied by 100 to obtain a percentage. This percentage is compared to the Allowable Error to see whether or not to continue iterating.


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    1

    How can I get the weights to be used as part of the General curve fit?

    For the weights to be used as part of the General curve fit, you should enter the actual error value for each point. So if you have a value of 10 and it has an error of 1.5, enter 1.5 into the column as the weight.


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    1

    How is the Chi Square value in KaleidaGraph calculated?

    The Chi Square value in KaleidaGraph is the total sum of the squared errors.


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    0

    How do I fit multiple data sets with the same equation, but using different initial guesses for each equation?

    Use the Edit General command to add a new fit to the list. Enter the same fit equation and a new set of initial guesses. You can then apply the first curve fit to one set of data and the second fit to the other data.


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    0

    Can I include column numbers as part of the curve fit definition?

    It is possible to include column numbers as part of the curve fit definition. To do this, you need to use the table command. For example, suppose you plotted c0 as X and c1 as Y and wanted to use the values in c2 in the function: m1*m0^c2. Just using this equation would not work because the fit would not look at each of the values in c2. You need to replace c2 with table(m0, c0, c2). To use the table command, the X column must be sorted and there cannot be any duplicate values. The resulting definition would be: m1*m0^(table(m0,c0,c2)).


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    0

    How do I define constants?

    Constants may be defined in the macro library and then used in a curve fit definition. For example, K=25 can be defined in the library. A curve fit definition of K+m1*m0 would be a valid definition.


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    0

    General Curve Fit: Error Values (3)

    What are the error values that are displayed for the parameters?

    The errors that are displayed for the parameters are the standard error of the parameters. It can be read as the parameter value +/- the error.


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    1

    Where are the error values stored after performing a General curve fit?

    The error values do not reside in the same memory registers of the Macro Calc. after each curve fit. It actually depends on the number of parameters in the fit. The error for m1 is always stored in m30. To find the error for m2, add the total number of parameters to 30 and look in that register. After that you add the number of parameters and subtract 1 more than the last time. Here is a list of where they are stored for a 9 parameter fit:

    • m1 error – m30
    • m2 error – m39 (30 + 9)
    • m3 error – m47 (39 + 9 – 1)
    • m4 error – m54 (47 + 9 – 2)
    • m5 error – m60 (54 + 9 – 3)
    • m6 error – m65
    • m7 error – m69
    • m8 error – m72
    • m9 error – m74


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    0

    Why do I get high error values for the parameters?

    If the fit gives high error values for the parameters, it means that you could get a similar fit using a wide range of values for the parameters. This can happen if you haven’t collected enough data across a wide range of X values, if the formula is too complicated for your data, or if the formula has redundant parameters.


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    0

    General Curve Fit: Master List (2)

    How do I add curve fits from a saved plot to the master curve fit list?

    1. Open the saved plot.
    2. Choose Curve Fit > General > Edit General.
    3. Select the fit on the left side, select Clipboard on the right side, click the Copy button, and click OK to exit the dialog.
    4. Create a new plot from scratch.
    5. Choose Curve Fit > General > Edit General.
    6. Click the Add button to add a new fit to the list.
    7. Select the new fit, select the Clipboard button, click Replace, and click OK to leave the dialog.
    8. Now you can use this fit for any new plots. Remember to save changes to the Macros file when quitting to make this permanent.


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    1

    How do I add a curve fit to the master curve fit list?

    1. Create a new plot.
    2. Choose Curve Fit > General > Edit General.
    3. Select a fit in the current list.
    4. Click Add and a New Fit appears below the selected fit in the list. The name of the fit can be changed by selecting it and editing the name in the text field.
    5. Click Edit to enter the definition in the Curve Fit Definition dialog.
    6. Click OK when you are finished. Now you can use this fit in the active plot or any new plots that are created. Remember to save changes to the Macros file to make the changes permanent.


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    0

    General Curve Fit: Advanced Fits (1)

    How do I include multiple independent variables or column numbers as part of the curve fit definition?

    • To do this, you need to use the table function. For example, suppose you plotted c0 as X and c1 as Y and wished to use the values in c2 as part of the curve fit definition (possibly as a second independent variable). Anywhere you want to use c2 in the definition, replace it with table(m0, c0, c2). To use the table function, the X column must be sorted and there cannot be any duplicate values.
    • The table() function performs linear interpolation. When you use table(m0,c0,c2) in a curve fit definition, KaleidaGraph looks at the current value of m0. The values used for m0 are the same as what was used for X when you created the plot. It then goes to the data window and looks in c0 for this value. It will then return the corresponding value from c2 as the result of the formula.

    These fits can also be done even if you have duplicate x values:

    • Create a new column of data, c4 for example, and use Formula Entry to set c4=index()+cy-cy, where cy is your y data column.
    • If c0 and c2 are x1 and x2, create a plot using c4 as the x axis variable, but in the curve fit definition (suppose you want to fit y=a+b*x1+c*x2) use a+b*table(m0, c4, c0) + c*table(m0, c4, c2).
    • The resulting plot will look a little strange, but the parameter values are valid because all of the values in c4 are unique.


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    1

    Curve Fitting: Tips (9)

    How do I display all of the data points, but only fit a certain section of the curve?

    • Copy the data you want to fit and paste it into a new column. Then create a Line plot, using both Y columns of data. Hide the new variable by choosing No Markers and a Line Style of None in Variable Settings (Plot Menu). Apply the curve fit to this variable. The curve fit will be displayed, but the second set of points won’t be displayed.
    • An alternate method (as reported by one of our users) is to mask the unwanted cells in the original column. Create the plot and apply the curve fit to the remaining data. Go back to the data window and unmask the cells. Go back to the plot, choose Variable Settings, and click OK. The plot will be redrawn to include the unmasked cells, but the curve fit will not be updated.


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    1

    If you apply two curve fits to the same Y variable, both of the curve fits will be drawn with the same line style and color. How do I have the curve fits use different colors or line styles?

    Copy the Y data into a new column, plot both sets of Y data, and apply one fit to each. If you plot the data using a Line plot, you can hide the second Y variable by choosing None from the Show Markers pop-up menu and a Line Style of None (both in Variable Settings). The data will still be there, but only one set of markers will be displayed.


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    1

    How can I put a constraint on two of the parameters, for example m1+m2=1?

    Within your curve fit definition, use (1-m1) in place of m2.


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    1

    How do I only display the curve fit?

    • Create a Line, Double Y, Double X, or Double XY plot.
    • Change the variable’s Line Style to None and choose None from the Show Markers pop-up menu in Variable Settings (Plot menu).


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    0

    How do I force a Linear fit to go through a particular Y value at X = 0?

    To force a linear fit to go through a particular Y value at X = 0 you have to use the general fit. For example if you wanted to have Y=4 at X=0 you would use the equation:

    • 4 + b * x;
    • n the general fit dialog. Similarly for Y=0 @ X=0 (the origin) you would use 0 + b * x;


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    0

    How do I fit two different equations?

    A way to fit two different equations is to combine them in a single curve fit definition using the if-else operator. If you had two functions such that:

    y = F1(x) for x < x1 y = F2(x) for x >= x1,  you could enter the following type of definition in the Define dialog: ((x < x1) ? F1(x) : 0) + ((x >= x1) ? F2(x) : 0)


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    0

    How do I fit two linear curve fit segments that meet at a breakpoint?

    Use a formula like: ((m0 < m1) ? m2+m3*m0 : 0) + ((m0 >= m1) ? m3*m1 + m2+m4*(m0-m1) : 0)

    m1 is the breakpoint, m2 is the intercept of the first segment, m3 is the slope of the first segment, and m4 is the slope of the second segment

    You may want to lower the Allowable Error to 0.1 or less to make sure you get a good value for the breakpoint.


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    0

    I am having trouble coming up with good initial guesses for the General curve fit.

    If you are having trouble coming up with good initial guesses for the General curve fit, you can use the Function plot to see what your equation looks like with different sets of initial guesses. This would let you vary each parameter to see what effect it has on the resulting curve.


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    0

    Can the curve fit functions in KaleidaGraph find X values when the Y values are known?

    The curve fit functions in Formula Entry can only find Y values using known X values. The steps listed below can be used to find X values when the Y values are known.

    The example in the steps below uses a data window where c0 contains the X values and c1 contains the Y values. A plot has been created and the Y data has been fit with a Smooth curve fit. The steps would be basically the same for any type of fit.

    1. Once the curve fit is applied, choose the Smooth command from the Curve Fit menu. The Curve Fit Selections dialog will appear.
    2. Click the View drop-down menu in this dialog and choose Copy Curve Fit to Data Window. This will append two columns to the data window; one for the X values and one for the corresponding Y values. In the example data set described above, these would be located in columns 2 and 3.
    3. In column 4, enter the known Y values for which you want to find the corresponding X values.
    4. Run the following formula in Formula Entry: c5=table(c4, c3, c2)

     

    The table function performs a linear interpolation. It looks at the known Y values in c4, looks for the same value in c3, and returns a corresponding X value and stores it in c5.

    This process is a bit more difficult if you have a curve (for example a Gaussian curve) that has multiple X values for the same Y value. By masking different sections of the data set each time you run the formula, you would be able to find the different X values.


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    0

    Curve Fitting: Problems (5)

    No matter what type of curve fit I select (Power, Polynomial, etc.), KaleidaGraph draws a straight line on the graph. Why?

    Check the Curve Fit Options dialog (Curve Fit menu). The Curve Fit Points field could be set to 2. This would cause KaleidaGraph to calculate two points for the fit and draw a line between them. This field is normally set to 100.


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    0

    If I zoom in on a plot containing a curve fit, I notice that the line shifts away from the data. Why?

    The problem is that you are zooming in so much that the points used to draw the line are so far away from the area being zoomed into that the line shifts away from where it should be. Even though there is data visible, the curve fit line moves because only the end points of the fit are used in drawing the curve fit line (it is not drawn from point to point). One workaround is to include some points within (or just outside) the limits that you wish to view. This way the data points aren’t spread so far apart and you can zoom in further on the data.


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    0

    Why do I get high error values for the parameters?

    If the fit gives high error values for the parameters, it means that you could get a similar fit using a wide range of values for the parameters. This can happen if you haven’t collected enough data across a wide range of X values, if the formula is too complicated for your data, or if the formula has redundant parameters.


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    0

    I am trying to limit the parameters in a General curve fit, but end up with values outside of the limits. Why?

    Even though you put limits on the parameters, it is still possible to end up with results that are outside of the limits. This is because the limits are not used when KaleidaGraph attempts to improve upon your initial guesses. The resulting fit will show you KaleidaGraph’s best guess at the final value and this value does not get passed through the limit function.


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    0

    After applying a curve fit, I use Formula Entry to compare the results but find that the calculated values do not match up with the original values. Why?

    This occurs most often with the Polynomial fit.

    • It is most likely a precision issue. If your equation only shows 5 significant digits (the default), using these values in Formula Entry will cause your data to be incorrect. You need to include more precision in the parameter values to get accurate results.
    • If you go back into your curve fit and select Copy Parameters to Calculator from the View pop-up menu, the parameters will be copied over to the appropriate memory registers in full precision. Since they are stored in the memory registers, you would be able to use m0, m1, m2, etc. in your formula instead of having to type the parameter vale.


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    0

    Exporting Plots (13)

    What is the image resolution for the various file formats?

    • Version 4.5
    • All of the formats can be exported at a maximum resolution of 1400 dpi (Mac) and 800 dpi (Windows).
    • Version 4.1 and earlier
    • PICT – 600 dpi (with High Resolution on)
    • Metafile – 300 dpi (with High Resolution on)
    • TIFF – 288 dpi (with High Resolution on) – can reach 576 dpi by turning off High Resolution and setting the Scale by field to 800%.
    • Windows BMP, GIF, JPG, and PNG – 72 dpi (can be increased to 288 dpi by scaling to 400% and reducing back down by 25% once it is imported into another program).


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    3

    Will the transparent background be saved when exporting an image?

    If the plot has been assigned a transparent background, this will be maintained if you copy the plot to the Clipboard or export it in a PICT or Metafile format. However if you save it in one of the other formats, the transparent background will be lost.


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    2

    Why are my fill patterns being lost when exporting or printing images?

    If the plot contains objects with fill patterns, exporting the plots at high resolution may cause the fill patterns to lose their patterns and appear to be a solid color. This is because the method of achieving the higher resolution images involves scaling the images up in size, but the fill patterns cannot be scaled in the same manner.

    The best workaround is to assign a solid fill to the objects and use different colors or shades of gray. These will behave much more predictably when exporting the plots at high resolution. If you would need more color choices, you can use the Edit Colors command (Object menu) to edit the color palette.


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    1

    I am going to use my graphs in Adobe Photoshop. How do I export them?

    If the graphs will be imported into a high resolution graphics package like Adobe Photoshop or Illustrator, export them as high resolution TIFF files (available in v3.6 or later) or in an EPS format.


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    1

    Transparent background is lost after pasting into PowerPoint.

  • After pasting, double-click the plot.
  • Click the arrow next to the Color icon in the ribbon and choose Set Transparent Color.
  • Move the cursor into the plot and click a white area of the plot.

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    0

    An error occurred during the export of this image.

    Check any lines that you created using the Line/Arrow tool. One or more of them may actually be an arrow instead of a line. If you double-click it and the Edit Arrowhead dialog appears, it is an arrow. To convert it to a line, click the line segment that you created in the plot, click and hold the mouse down on the Line/Arrow tool, and select the first item in the pop-up menu (the normal line segment).


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    0

    How do I improve the resolution of my exported images?

    • Version 4.5
    • If copying the plot, make sure you are using Copy Graph and not Copy Selection. The Copy Selection command will yield a 72 dpi image whereas the Copy Graph command can give up to 1400 dpi (Mac) or 800 dpi (Windows) when printed.
    • You can also specify the resolution when exporting the image in a specific format (GIF, JPEG, TIFF, etc.
    • Version 4.1 and earlier
    • If copying the plot, make sure you are using Copy Graph and not Copy Selection. The Copy Selection command will yield a 72 dpi image whereas the Copy Graph command (with Postscript PICT (Mac) or High Resolution on) will give 300 dpi or more when printed.
    • Scale the image up by 400% when exporting the image and reduce it back down by 25% once it is imported. This process of scaling it up and reducing it builds resolution into the image.
    • Try exporting in a different file format. Increase the Scale Result By field to increase the resolution.


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    0

    I am going to use my graphs on the web. How do I export them?

    If the graphs will be used on the web, export them in a GIF or JPEG format.


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    0

    How can I increase the line thicknesses in my exported plots?

    You can increase the default thickness values in the Axis Options and Plot Options dialogs. A good starting point would be to set these to 200%. This will prevent the ticks, grids, lines, and markers from becoming very faint or disappearing altogether. The Line Thickness setting in Plot Options will make variable lines, curve fit lines, and error bars thicker. The Marker Thickness field in Plot Options will make the markers thicker.


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    0

    How do I make my plot a specific size?

    If the plot needs to be a specific size, it would be best to use the Set Plot Size dialog to set the plot to the desired size. If that would make editing the plot too difficult, work in a multiple of the final size (for example, twice as large as the final size). This will help prevent problems that could occur when resizing plots in another program.


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    0

    Is there an option to export plots as CMYK?

    Version 4.5 provides an option to export TIFF images using a CMYK color table. Other image types and images from earlier versions can only be exported in an RGB color table.


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    0

    I get an error about the disk being locked or full when trying to save. Why?

  • There could be a problem with one of the fonts. Open the Font Book app and look for duplicate or disabled fonts.
  • The permissions on the directory could be set to Read-only.

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    0

    When I export my plot into another program and resize it, I have problems with the subscripts and superscripts. Why?

    Export the plot from KaleidaGraph at the desired size so that KaleidaGraph performs the resizing and not the destination application. Either use the Set Plot Size command to change the size or use the Fix Size option when exporting.


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    0

    Exporting: KG Mac to Mac application (10)

    When I export a TIFF image, what does the High Resolution option do?

    When exporting TIFF images from v4.1 and earlier, the High Resolution option enables you to export TIFF files that have a resolution of 288 dpi. This can be increased to 576 dpi by turning off High Resolution and setting the Scale by field to 800%.

    In v4.5, it is possible to export TIFF images with a maximum resolution of 1400 dpi (Mac) and 800 dpi (Windows).


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    5

    Why am I unable to ungroup a plot that is copied and pasted under OS 10.6 (or later) or imported into Office?

    • As of OS 10.6, the PICT format has been deprecated by Apple. When an application copies a PICT file to the Clipboard, it is converted to a TIFF file by the OS. You will not be able to paste an image into another program and ungroup the image.
    • One workaround is to save the PICT file to disk and import this into the application. This will not work in Office 2008 or later. Office converts these images upon import as well.
    • You can also use the Print command to create a PDF image of the plot. This can be imported into programs like EazyDraw and Illustrator and be ungrouped.


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    1

    What is the easiest way for me to export a plot?

    The easiest way to export the plot is to use the Copy Graph command. A TIFF (OS 10.6 or later) or PICT file will be copied to the Clipboard that can be pasted into another application.


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    1

    How do I export plots in a PDF format?

    • Plots can be saved as PDF images using the Print Graphics command and choosing Save As PDF within the Print dialog. Plots saved in this manner will be centered on a full page.
    • If you want the PDF file to be the same size as the original plot (without taking up a full page), copy the plot, paste it into the Preview application that comes with OS X, and export it from Preview in a PDF format.


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    1

    How do I copy and paste plots from KaleidaGraph into Adobe InDesign?

    InDesign appears to have an issue when pasting PICT files from other applications that result in jagged lines. One workaround is to save the PICT file to disk (by choosing Save Graph As and selecting PICT from the Format pop-up menu) and then using the Place command in InDesign to import the image.


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    1

    Transparent background is lost after pasting into PowerPoint.

  • After pasting, double-click the plot.
  • Click the arrow next to the Color icon in the ribbon and choose Set Transparent Color.
  • Move the cursor into the plot and click a white area of the plot.

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    0

    What does the PostScript PICT option do?

    When exporting PICT images, the PostScript PICT option enables you to create high resolution PICT files for use in word processing programs. For the PostScript PICT option to be useful, you need to print to a PostScript printer. Also, the destination application should not try to disassemble the PICT file or you may see a double image.


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    0

    Can I increase the resolution of GIF, JPEG, PNG, and Windows BMP images?

    In v4.1 and earlier, all of these formats are 72 dpi images (when the scaling is set to 100%). The resolution of these images can be increased by setting the Scale by field to 400%. Once the image is imported into another program, it needs to be reduced by 25%. This process of scaling it up and then down builds resolution into the image and can get you closer to 300 dpi.

    In v4.5, all of these images can be exported with a maximum resolution of 1400 dpi (Mac) and 800 dpi (Windows).


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    0

    I am exporting a PICT to a drawing application, and the result is a huge double-image. Why?

    You are getting the double-image because the Postscript PICT option is selected when you are exporting the graph as a PICT. When going to a drawing application such as Canvas, try using the High Resolution option. You can also export as a high resolution TIFF file.


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    0

    What option do I use to take a PICT file into a word processing application?

    The Postscript PICT option is usually used when taking a PICT file into a word processing application. You can try using it with other programs, but if you see a double-image, try exporting at a higher resolution (v4.5) or using the High Resolution option instead (v4.1 and earlier).


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    0

    Exporting: KG Mac to Win application (1)

    My plot is messed up or missing after pasting the plot into Word on the Mac and opening the file in Word for Windows. Why?

    Try exporting the PICT file with the High Resolution option selected. You can also export the plot as a high resolution TIFF file and import that file into Word. Word for Windows (and other PC applications) cannot handle the PostScript PICT option.


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    0

    Exporting: KG Win to Win application (7)

    How do I get the highest resolution for my plot?

    • Version 4.5
    • All of the image types can be exported at a maximum resolution of 800 dpi.
    • Version 4.1 and earlier
    • Exporting the plot in a Metafile format will provide the highest resolution. Metafiles can be exported to the Clipboard (using the Copy Graph command) or to a file (by choosing Save Graph As and selecting Metafile from the Save as type pop-up menu). This is the most common format for exporting graphics on the Windows platform.


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    1

    Can I increase the resolution of GIF, JPEG, PNG, and Windows BMP images?

    In v4.1 and earlier, all of these formats are 72 dpi images (when the scaling is set to 100%). The resolution of these images can be increased by setting the Scale by field to 400%. Once the image is imported into another program, it needs to be reduced by 25%. This process of scaling it up and then down builds resolution into the image and can get you closer to 300 dpi.

    In v4.5, all of these images can be exported with a maximum resolution of 1400 dpi (Mac) and 800 dpi (Windows).


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    0

    What is the easiest way for me to export a plot?

    The easiest way to export the plot is to use the Copy Graph command. A Metafile image will be copied to the Clipboard that can be pasted into another application.


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    0

    I am exporting a PICT image. What does the High Resolution option do?

    In v4.1 and earlier, exporting PICT images with the High Resolution option on enables you to obtain PICT files that have a resolution of almost 600 dpi.

    In v4.5, it is possible to export PICT (and other) images with a resolution of 800 dpi.


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    0

    I am exporting a TIFF image. What does the High Resolution option do?

    In v4.1 and earlier, exporting TIFF images with the High Resolution option on enables you to obtain TIFF files that have a resolution of 288 dpi. This can be increased to 576 dpi by turning off High Resolution and setting the Scale by field to 800%.

    In v4.5, it is possible to export TIFF (and other) images with a resolution of 800 dpi.


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    0

    How do I export a graph that will be used in Adobe Photoshop?

    If the graphs will be imported into a high resolution graphics package like Adobe Photoshop or Illustrator, export them in an EPS format.


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    0

    How do I paste an Enhanced Metafile?

    Enhanced Metafiles can be pasted using the following steps. You can use this procedure if you would be having problems with the resolution of the normal Metafile.

    1. Choose Edit > Copy Graph.
    2. Deselect the Export OLE Data checkbox.
    3. Click OK.
    4. Switch to the destination application and choose Paste Special. The dialog should list Picture and Picture (Enhanced Metafile).
    5. Select Picture (Enhanced Metafile) and click OK.


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    0

    Exporting: KG Win to Mac application (1)

    When using the Mac version of PowerPoint or Word to open a PC file that contains a Metafile image, text that was originally rotated becomes unrotated. Why?

    The Metafile image gets converted to a PICT file during the import process. The routines used to draw the rotated text in the Metafile image do not have a Mac counterpart when being converted to a PICT file. One way to avoid this is to export the plot in a different format (PICT, TIFF, etc.). These images do not get passed through a filter when the file is opened and will have the text displayed correctly.


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    0

    Exporting Postscript, PDF, or EPS files (5)

    Windows: How do I export an EPS file?

    To export an EPS file, a PostScript printer must be available in the Printer control panel. You do not need to be connected to the printer, but you need to add a printer that uses a PostScript driver.

    1. Choose Print Graphics or Print Layout from the File menu.
    2. Verify that a PostScript printer is selected.
    3. Select the Print to File check box.
    4. Click Preferences.
    5. Click Advanced.
    6. Choose EPS for the PostScript Output Option.
    7. Click OK until the main Print dialog is displayed.
    8. Click Print to display the Print To File dialog.
    9. Enter a file name and enter .eps for the file name extension. Once you click OK, an EPS file is created on your hard disk that can be imported into another program. Depending on the destination program, you may not be able to preview the image, but it will print correctly. Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator are two programs that we have found that can preview an EPS file created in this manner.
    10. The file should be saved in the Users/(user)/AppData/Roaming/Synergy Software/KaleidaGraph 4.1 directory.


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    2

    Mac: What export options are available through the print driver?

    Under OS X, the export options from the printer driver are limited to PostScript and PDF. Depending on the application you are using, you may be able to import one of these types of files into your document. If not, you can export the image as a high resolution TIFF or PICT file.


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    1

    Mac: How do I generate PostScript or PDF files using the Print dialog?

    1. Choose Print Graphics or Print Layout from the File menu.
    2. Click the PDF button in the Print dialog and choose Save as PDF or Save as PostScript.
    3. Click Save. Once you enter a file name and click Save, an PostScript or PDF file is created on your hard disk.


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    0

    Mac: How do I get the PDF file to be the same size as my original plot?

    If you want the PDF file to be the same size as the original plot (without taking up a full page), copy the plot, paste it into the Preview application that comes with OS X, and export it from Preview in a PDF format.


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    0

    Windows: How do I export a PDF file?

    You can either use a PDF printing utility (such as CutePDFWriter) or you can export the plot into another application and export it from there as a PDF file.


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    0

    Printing Problems (8)

    Why are my fill patterns being lost when exporting or printing images?

    If the plot contains objects with fill patterns, exporting the plots at high resolution may cause the fill patterns to lose their patterns and appear to be a solid color. This is because the method of achieving the higher resolution images involves scaling the images up in size, but the fill patterns cannot be scaled in the same manner.

    The best workaround is to assign a solid fill to the objects and use different colors or shades of gray. These will behave much more predictably when exporting the plots at high resolution. If you would need more color choices, you can use the Edit Colors command (Object menu) to edit the color palette.


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    1

    Can I print a plot or layout over multiple pages?

    We do not have any way to print a plot or layout over multiple pages. There is a program available called Poster Print that can be used to take a single plot or layout and print it over multiple pages. We have not used the software ourselves to know how well it works, but there was a demo version available the last time we looked.


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    0

    Troubleshooting printing problems.

    • Verify that you are using the current version of KaleidaGraph (v4.5).
    • Verify that you have the latest version of the printer driver.
    • Use the control panel to delete the printer and add it back in.
    • Make sure one of the printers is set up as a default printer before launching KaleidaGraph. You could also use the Printer control panel to choose a different printer as the default printer.
    • If this is a PostScript printer, use the PostScript driver and not the PCL driver (Windows only).
    • If possible, see if a different printer has the same behavior.


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    0

    Why do I get an error that the disk full or locked when trying to print?

    This tends to be a font issue under OS X. Open the Font Book app and look for duplicate or disabled fonts.


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    0

    Why didn’t my graph print?

    If the graph is not printed, verify that the correct paper size is selected in Page Setup or Print Setup.


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    0

    When I print a graph with a grid, the grid lines do not print correctly. Why?

    Make sure Black and White (not Color/Grayscale) is selected in the Print dialog.


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    0

    Parts of my graph disappear or Postscript Errors occur when printing. Why?

    • If you are not printing to a color printer, verify that Color/Grayscale is not selected in the Print dialog.
    • Verify that you have the latest version of the printer driver.
    • Verify that enough memory is available in KaleidaGraph to print.


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    0

    When I place a white box on top of text, the text is not hidden when printed. Why?

    Click on the Properties section of the Print dialog. In the Fonts section, select the option to Print TrueType as graphics. This will keep the text at different layers instead of placing it all on the same plane.


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    0

    Layout Window (12)

    Will the transparent background be saved when exporting an image?

    If the plot has been assigned a transparent background, this will be maintained if you copy the plot to the Clipboard or export it in a PICT or Metafile format. However if you save it in one of the other formats, the transparent background will be lost.


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    2

    Why are my fill patterns being lost when exporting or printing images?

    If the plot contains objects with fill patterns, exporting the plots at high resolution may cause the fill patterns to lose their patterns and appear to be a solid color. This is because the method of achieving the higher resolution images involves scaling the images up in size, but the fill patterns cannot be scaled in the same manner.

    The best workaround is to assign a solid fill to the objects and use different colors or shades of gray. These will behave much more predictably when exporting the plots at high resolution. If you would need more color choices, you can use the Edit Colors command (Object menu) to edit the color palette.


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    1

    How do I align selected plots in the layout window?

    The Align tool can be used to align selected plots in the layout window.


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    1

    The name of the plot is displayed in the layout window. How do I get rid of this?

    The name of each plot is automatically displayed in the lower-left corner of the cell in the layout window. This is only used to help identify the plots in the layout. This text does not appear when the plot is printed or exported.


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    0

    Unable to locate the Toolbox on the screen.

    The toolbox is only available when a plot or layout window is active. If you don’t see it, the toolbox may have been moved to one of the screen edges. If all else fails, renaming the default KG Style file would force the program to use it’s internal defaults and get the toolbox back in it’s normal position.


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    0

    Can I save my plots and layout in a single file?

    Unless you have v4.x, there is no way to save the plots and layout in a single file. The layout file in earlier versions only remembers the cells and any text or other graphics that were included in the layout. In v4.x, you can save plots and layouts together in a Group Layout file.


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    0

    One of the plots is hiding part of the plot behind it. How do I fix this?

    1. Display the original plot.
    2. Choose Plot > Axis Options.
    3. Click the All tab and click Color.
    4. For both the Interior and Background, Transparent Background needs to be selected. If a color is selected, the plot will not be transparent.


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    0

    I need to work in both portrait and landscape mode. How do I do this?

    The orientation information is saved as part of the layout file. If you need to work in both portrait and landscape mode, it would be best to save separate layouts based on the orientation. This way you could have a set for portrait mode and a different set for landscape mode.


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    0

    How does KaleidaGraph determine which plot to show in the various cells in the layout?

    • As plots are added to the layout window, KaleidaGraph maintains a link between the cell in the layout and the position of the plot in the Select Plot submenu. If a particular cell contains the first plot in the list, opening or creating another plot will cause the cell to display this new plot.
    • Any time you open, create, or close a plot, it is possible for the plots in the layout to change positions because the location of the plots in the Select Plot submenu has changed. For this reason, it is best if you open or create all of your plots before arranging them in the layout window.
    • When you open a saved layout, the plots are loaded based on the link between the cells and the position of the plots in the Select Plot submenu. If a cell previously held the first plot in the Select Plot submenu, it will display whatever plot is currently first in the submenu. There isn’t any way to force a plot to stay in a particular cell.


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    0

    How do I open a saved layout and get the plots in the right locations?

    • In v4.x, save a Group Layout file. The plots and layout will be saved in the same file.
    • Close any plots that are currently open before opening the layout file. As long as no plots are open, the layout will show empty cells with various position numbers. The position numbers correspond to the position of the plot in the Select Plot menu. Once you start to open your plots, the last plot opened will be placed in Position 1, the second to last plot opened will be in position 2, etc. By opening the plots in the reverse order, you can get the plots in the desired locations.


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    0

    How do I set the size and position of a plot in the layout window?

    The size and position of a plot can be set by double-clicking on the plot in the layout window to display the Set Size dialog.


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    0

    My plots are not lining up correctly, or appear to be different sizes. Why?

    If plots are not lining up properly or appear to be different sizes, make sure the original plots are the same size. Open each plot and choose Plot > Set Plot Size. Verify that all of the plots have the same settings. You could also use one of the plots as a template when creating the others to make sure they are the exact same size.


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    0

    Plot Scripts (1)

    Can I create different plots from a single plot script?

    The Plot Script can only point to a single plot or plot type. There is no way to create different plots from a single plot script. You should use the Formula Script (using multiple #SCRIPT commands) to accomplish this.


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    1

    Formula Scripts (7)

    Can I use the execute (” “) function in a formula script?

    #FORMULA – The execute (” “) function may not be used in a formula script. You’re trying to open a set of formulas from within a formula in the Posted Note.


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    0

    I want to specify a path to the desktop to open a file. How do I do this?

    Suppose the file “example data” was originally saved to the volume “Macintosh HD” and then was moved to the Desktop. The path to open this file as part of a formula script would be: “Macintosh HD:Desktop:example data”

     


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    0

    Can I use a specific plot as a template?

    #SCRIPT – The only way to use a specific plot as a template is to create a Plot Script and then use the file = “string” command to open this saved plot script. An example script would be:

    #SCRIPT
    file = “(path to script file)”
    begin_group
    x 0
    y 1
    end_group
    #END


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    0

    Will the #PASTE command append columns if the specified columns do not exist?

    #PASTE – This command will not append columns if the specified columns do not exist. Instead it will begin pasting into the last physical column. If you wanted to paste data into c44, but it does not exist, you could add the following commands to append enough empty columns for this to be successful:

    cell(0, 44) = 1;
    #CLEARDATA
    0 1 44 44
    #END


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    0

    How do I copy information to the Clipboard using #COPY?

    #COPY – To copy information to the Clipboard with this command, KaleidaGraph must be the frontmost application. Applications in the background are unable to replace the contents of the Clipboard. If using AppleScript, use an activate command prior to the RunTextScript event containing the #COPY command.


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    0

    Is there a command that will apply a curve fit to a plot?

    Version 4.5 includes scripting commands that can be used to apply a curve fit to a plot. These are covered in the #SCRIPT command within the online Help and PDF manual.

    In earlier versions, there aren’t any commands available that will simply apply a curve fit to a plot. The only way this can be automated in earlier versions is to open a saved Plot Script from within a #SCRIPT command. If the Plot Script points to an existing plot that has a curve fit applied, any plots created will also have the same curve fit applied. Here are the steps to do this:

    1. Open or create a plot that has the desired appearance and curve fit applied.
    2. From the Windows menu, choose the Plot Script command.
    3. In this dialog, select the plot from Step 1 in the Graphic Template pop-up menu.
    4. Click on the Clear All button if any groups are listed in the Plot Script window.
    5. Save the script using the Save Script As command from the File menu. A copy of the plot will be saved at the same time.
    6. Include the commands to open this plot script in your #SCRIPT command. Any plots generated by the #SCRIPT will be identical to the original plot and will have the curve fit applied automatically.


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    0

    Applescript (5)

    I get an error message when trying to use commands involving strings. Why?

    If you get error messages when trying to use commands involving strings, you may need to convert the string from styled text to plain text. Here is an example command that converts the styled text in oldvar to plain text and stores it in newvar: set {text:newvar} to (oldvar as string)


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    0

    Here is a routine that can be used to find the number of columns in a data window.

    It uses the first row of data in determining the number of columns. If any cells in the first row are blank, they are not counted.

    GetData “-1”
    set datalist to result
    copy every paragraph of datalist to temp1
    copy item 1 of temp1 to temp2
    set number_of_columns to (number of words in temp2)


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    0

    The Ready event produced unexpected results. Why?

    It is possible the Ready event will produce unexpected results if KaleidaGraph is being launched by the script and the Event Log is open. It may not tell the script that KaleidaGraph is ready unless you go and choose KaleidaGraph and return to the script. Either close the Event Log or modify the command so that it waits for a specific window name to be listed (Data 1 for example).


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    0

    Does KaleidaGraph have any way to select menu items or click buttons/options in dialog boxes?

    KaleidaGraph does not have any way to select menu items or click buttons/options in dialog boxes. You can use some code like the following to choose commands via keyboard shortcuts. A program called Ukelele can be used to find the correct number for the desired key.

    tell application “System Events”
    tell application ” KaleidaGraph”
    activate
    end tell
    delay 2
    key code 3 using command down — Use the keyboard shortcut to choose Formula Entry (Command+F)
    key code 36 — type the return key
    end tell


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    0

    Macros (3)

    How is the Integrate Area macro calculated?

    The Integrate Area macro uses the following formula to calculate the area under the curve. This macro evaluates two points at a time (x1,y1 and x2,y2) and uses the initial yref value supplied by the user.

    Area = Sum(((y2+y1)/2 – yref)*(x2-x1))


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    4

    Why is my Macros menu empty when I launch KaleidaGraph?

    Perform one of the following:

    Method 1:

    1. Choose File > Import > Append Macros.
    2. Locate and open the Default Macros file that is in your Macros folder (within the Examples folder). This will add the macros to the Macros menu.
    3. When you quit KaleidaGraph, save changes to the Macros so that these changes are remembered the next time KaleidaGraph is launched.

    Method 2:

    1. Quit KaleidaGraph and make a duplicate of the Default Macros file that is in your Macros folder (within the Examples folder).
    2. Rename this duplicate file so that it is just called “KG Macros” (Mac) or “KGMacros.EQN” (Windows).
    3. Move this file into the same folder as KaleidaGraph (or in the Preferences folder in the Mac version). The next time you launch KaleidaGraph, you should see macros in the Macros menu.


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    2

    How do I add an individual macro to my Macros menu?

    1. Choose Macros > Show Macros.
    2. Select a macro on the left side and click Add. An empty macro will be added below the macro you select.
    3. Change the name of the empty macro and click Edit to display a text editor.
    4. Choose File > Open. Locate and open the macro that was downloaded. Choose File > Close to leave the dialog. The macro can now be used by either selecting it from the Macros menu or by using the macro(” “) command in Formula Entry.
    5. To make this change to the Macros menu permanent, save changes to Macros when quitting KaleidaGraph.


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    0

    Macro Calculator (3)

    How many program lines does the Macro Calculator have?

    The Macro Calculator has a default limit of 1000 program lines. This limit does not include comment lines. This limit can be increased in the Mac version by modifying STR# 259 with ResEdit.


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    1

    How many pending operations does the Macro Calculator allow?

    The Macro Calculator allows 12 pending operations. This limit can be increased in the Mac version by modifying STR# 259 with ResEdit.


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    0

    Can I increase the number of program lines and the stack size?

    We have a modified resource file that can be used with the Windows version to increase the number of program lines and the stack size. Contact technical support if you need this resource.


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    0

    Error Messages: General Errors (10)

    Unknown file version number

    You could be trying to open a newer KaleidaGraph file with an older version of the program. Version 4.5 can open any KaleidaGraph file, but earlier versions can only open files created by v4.5 if they were exported in an older file format using the Save As command.

    It is also possible for defective files to display this error message. If the files are stored remotely (memory stick, network drive, etc.), you could try copying them to the local computer to see if that helps.


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    4

    An error occurred while reading the datafile.

    If this message appears when trying to open an Excel file, this file may already be open within Excel. You must close the file in Excel before opening the file in KaleidaGraph.


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    1

    Get an error about the disk being locked or full when trying to save

  • There could be a problem with one of the fonts. Open the Font Book app and look for duplicate or disabled fonts.
  • The permissions on the directory could be set to Read-only.

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    1

    An error occurred during the export of this image.

    Check any lines that you created using the Line/Arrow tool. One or more of them may actually be an arrow instead of a line. If you double-click it and the Edit Arrowhead dialog appears, it is an arrow. To convert it to a line, click the line segment that you created in the plot, click and hold the mouse down on the Line/Arrow tool, and select the first item in the pop-up menu (the normal line segment).


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    0

    Antique Plot File error

    You are trying to open a newer KaleidaGraph file with an older version of the application. Files created in v3.6 can be opened in v3.5, and vice versa. Version 4.x allows you to save data, plot, and layout files in a v3.5 format.

    It is also possible for defective files to cause this error message to be displayed. When this happens, it is usually caused by saving the files on a diskette, rather than the hard disk.


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    0

    Warning: Input line too long. Data may have been lost

    There is a 32766 character limit (16383 for a single line) in the buffer. If you try to import a large text file which doesn’t contain returns, a warning dialog will appear, containing this message. You need to insert a return every so often in the text file to get around this problem.


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    0

    Sorry, the selected data window does not have enough columns to run this script.

    The Plot Script is pointed to a data window that does not have enough columns to complete the script. The order of opening these files is important. Open any data windows before opening the script.


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    0

    There was an error in opening the selection.

    If this message appears when trying to open an Excel file, this file may already be open within Excel. You must close the file in Excel before opening the file in KaleidaGraph.


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    0

    Both format strings MUST have the same number of variables.

    When using the Special format to import a text file and Read Titles is selected, you must read in the same number of column titles as data columns.


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    0

    Too many working directories

    Rename the KG Script file and launch KaleidaGraph again. If the script file was brought over from another machine, save a new copy from this machine and try using the new copy.


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    0

    Error Messages: Startup errors (5)

    I get an warning that KaleidaGraph is not optimized for my Mac. Will there be a 64-bit version of the software?

    Yes. We are currently rewriting the software for a new development platform which will allow us to provide a 64-bit version of KaleidaGraph for both Mac and Windows. The process is ongoing, and we do not have a release date for a 64-bit version at this time.


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    50

    Failed to update the system registry. Please try using regedit.

    • Try re-installing the software under the Administrator account. If you uninstalled an earlier version or a demo version, the registry information may have been removed.
    • If using an older version of the software, this problem can be fixed by getting an update to the current version.
    • The problem can also be fixed by following these steps: 
    1. Choose Start > Run and enter regedt32.exe
    2. Navigate to the one of the following keys: HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\{8FF76521-3586-11D1-AA05-00609793741E}, HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Classes\KGraph_Plot
    3. Select the key and choose Security > Permissions.
    4. Select the user in the dialog and click Advanced.
    5. With that user still selected, click View/Edit.
    6. Turn on the check boxes for Set Value, Create Subkey, and Delete.
    7. Click OK to all of the dialogs.
    8. Repeat the process for the other key.


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    12

    The license file is locked error message.

    This error message could be displayed if KaleidaGraph was installed using Administrator privileges but the person trying to personalize the program does not have Administrator privileges. You need to log in as the Administrator to install and personalize the program to avoid this error.

    If you are logged in as the admin and still get the error, right-click on KaleidaGraph and run the application as administrator.


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    11

    Out of Memory error in the Windows version.

    Versions 3.09 and earlier have problems on computers with a large amount of RAM installed (512 MB or more). You need to get an update to the current version to fix this problem.

     


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    2

    Error, bad file path.

    The Default File Location specified in the Preferences dialog could not be found.


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    2

    Error Messages: ANOVA (2)

    Each cell must have the same number of points.

    • The number of entries in Factor A are unequal, or the number of entries in Factor B are not equally divided for the groups in Factor A, or there are data values missing for the corresponding factors.
    • Using an example of Male and Female for Factor A and Before and After for Factor B:
    • Factor A contains 8 entries for Male and 8 entries for Female.
    • Factor B contains 8 entries for Before (4 for Male and 4 for Female) and 8 entries for After (4 for Male and 4 for Female).
    • The dependent column contains the 16 data values that correspond to these conditions.
    • If any one of these is unequal, missing, or masked, this error message is displayed.
    • If any empty or masked cells are found, the entire row is omitted.
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    1

    Factor B must have at least two blocks.

    Either this column contains the same value throughout or the values associated with the first group of Factor A are all identical.


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    0

    Error Messages: Creating plots (4)

    Text data columns can only be used as the independent plot variable.

    The Y data is formatted as Text. Change the column format to Float or Double for any Text formatted columns.


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    61

    There is no data selected for the plot

    You are attempting to plot a variable that does not contain any data or only contains masked data in the column. Masked data always has a red frame so that it can be easily identified in the data window.


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    2

    Ymin cannot be greater than Ymax

    • You are attempting to plot a variable that does not contain any data or only contains masked data in the column. Masked data always has a red frame so that it can be easily identified in the data window.
    • If you are using a Template plot with fixed minimum limits but auto-scaled maximum limits, the value calculated for the maximum may be less than the value set for the minimum. Set the minimum to Auto and try using the Template plot again.


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    1

    Only one text column may be plotted at a time

    You are trying to create a plot with multiple X variables, but at least one of the columns is formatted as Text. Change the column format to Float or Double for any Text formatted columns.


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    0

    Error Messages: Curve fitting (4)

    Singular coefficient matrix

    • KaleidaGraph could not converge on a solution or it was getting a divide by zero error in the General curve fit.
    • Verify that none of the initial guesses are set to 0.
    • Try changing the initial guesses to steer KaleidaGraph away from whatever caused the error.
    • You can also try to specify the partial derivatives to point KaleidaGraph in the right direction after each iteration.


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    7

    Syntax error in the Macro Library

    This error message means that one of the definitions in the Library contains a syntax error or that a text file was inadvertently opened within the Library. If you defined your own constants, variables, or functions, there may be a syntax error in the definition, or you may be using a character that is not allowed in the name. It is best to only use letters and numbers for the names.

    To replace the current contents of the Library with the default Macro Library:

    1. Select the Library command from either the Macros menu or the Curve Fit menu.
    2. Choose File > Open.
    3. Locate and open the Library file within the Library folder and open it.
    4. Choose File > Close.
    5. After doing this, make sure you save the Macros when quitting KaleidaGraph in order for the Library to be saved as part of the KG Macros file.


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    3

    The data must be sorted first

    This error results when you attempt to apply a Smooth, Weighted, Cubic Spline or Interpolate curve fit to data which does not have the independent variable in ascending order. Once the independent variable is sorted, you will be able to apply the fit.


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    2

    Sorry, the formula is too long

    • The definition exceeds the 1000 step limit in the Macro Calculator. This limit can be increased in the Mac version by modifying STR# 259 with a resource editor like ResFool or Rezilla.
    • The curve fit definition exceeds the 1024 character limit. Defining the equation in the Library will not get around this issue.


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    0

    Error Messages: Formula Entry (7)

    Sorry, this macro definition is too long

    • If using the name command in a multi-line formula, one of the quote marks is missing.
    • One of the lines in a multi-line formula exceeds 255 characters in length.
    • After performing all the necessary Library substitutions, a single formula is more than 1024 characters in length.
    • One of the formulas has the same name as one of the variables. For example, the lines S=m3; and S() = S1() – S2(); would cause this error.


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    1

    This column does not contain a curve fit

    • The Y column that is specified did not have a curve fit applied to it or a different curve fit was applied to it than the one specified in the formula.
    • The wrong column is specified for the Y column.
    • You are trying to apply this formula to a saved plot, but you did not extract the data from the graph.


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    0

    Formula nested too deeply

    You have exceeded the limits of the stack. You have a formula which has more than 12 pending operations. Changing the grouping or the order of the calculations can fix this problem. This limit can be increased in the Mac version by modifying STR# 259 with ResEdit.


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    0

    Sorry, this macro file is too long

    Using the name command, you cannot use quote marks (” “) or semicolons in the text string. You must use the fancy quote marks or a colon instead. Fancy quotes are generated by typing Option-[ and Shift-Option-[ on a Mac.


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    0

    Too many macros

    There could be a problem with the something that is defined in the Library. Replace it with the default Library and see if the error goes away.


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    0

    Syntax Errors

    These result when illegal characters or undefined functions are used in a formula. Some common mistakes include using the letter “o” instead of a zero, not having the correct number of parentheses and attempting to call a Library function when the Library is not currently open.


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    0

    Whoops!! You specified a position that has not been allocated. Please create a row/column before using it.

    The formula is attempting to retrieve data from a cell that is outside the range of the current data window. If you are using the index() command within the cell() command (for example, cell(index(), 2) = cell(index(), 1) + cell(index()+1, 1)), you may need to make an appropriate selection in the data window before running the formula to avoid getting the error.


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    0

    Network Version of KaleidaGraph (4)

    How do I prevent the Windows network version from asking for the serial number and authorization code for each user?

    • Log in as the administrator on the server and install KaleidaGraph. Launch the program from the server and enter the serial number and authorization code.
    • Move the KGraph.rsr and KGLicense files into the same folder as the KaleidaGraph application (replacing any existing copies). Under Windows 7 and later, these are hidden files in the Users/(admin user)/AppData/Local/VirtualStore/Program Files/KaleidaGraph 4.x directory


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    2

    How do I monitor concurrent usage?

    We do not install any metering software with the network version. One such program is K2 software from Sassafras (www.sassafras.com). It is available for both the Mac and Windows platforms.


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    1

    I want each user to have their own macros file. How do I do this?

    The installer for the Windows network version will install a KGMacros file into the same folder as the KaleidaGraph application. This file would be used for anyone who launches the program via the server. If you want each user to have their own macros file, move the KGMacros file from the KaleidaGraph folder and place it in the \Documents and Settings\(current user)\Application Data\Synergy Software\KaleidaGraph 4.0 directory.


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    0

    I want to install KaleidaGraph on a Mac OS X Server.

    If installing KaleidaGraph on Mac OS X Server, the application must be configured with Read Only access. If it is set to Read-Write, only one user will be able to launch the program at a time.

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    0

    Various Program Limits (12)

    How many plots can be open at one time?

    A maximum of 32 plots may be open at one time.


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    3

    How many Y variables can be plotted on a graph?

    Version 4.5 – A maximum of 99 Y variables can be plotted on a single plot.

    Version 4.1 and earlier – A maximum of 20 Y variables can be plotted on a single plot. To plot more than 20 variables, you could create two separate plots and overlay them in the layout window.

    The one exception is the Pie chart which only permits one X and one Y variable.


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    2

    What is the maximum size of the data window?

    The data window has a maximum limit of 1000 columns and 1 million rows, which cannot be increased.


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    2

    How many lines can be skipped when importing a text file?

    A maximum of 2 million lines can be skipped when importing a text file.


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    0

    How many characters can I enter into the Formula Entry and General curve fit windows?

    Functions over 250 characters in length will be truncated in the Formula Entry and General curve fit windows. A way to get around this is to define portions of the formula in the Library and use a single formula to tie them all together.


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    0

    How many characters can be entered for a single text label?

    A maximum of 2000 characters can be entered for a single text label in the plot or layout window.


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    0

    How many groups will the Post Hoc tests analyze?

    The Post Hoc tests are limited to a maximum of 250 groups.


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    0

    How many objects can be created on a single plot?

    A maximum of 500 objects (lines, boxes, ovals, etc.) can be created on a single plot. This limit does not include text labels.


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    0

    How many data windows can be open at one time?

    A maximum of 160 data windows may be open at one time in v3.08 and later.


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    0

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